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Shabbat (shah-baht) — lit., Cessation of activity; Sabbath--seventh day of week, beginning at sundown Friday night and continuing until nightfall Saturday night. (There are exceptions due to the international dateline.) On Shabbat we perform acts reminding us of God's creating the universe and saving us from Egyptian slavery (categorized as zachor, or remember), and we refrain from acts of creative activity (categorized as shamor, or keep; these include the 39 melachot of Shabbat). See Shabbat d'oraita and Shabbat d'rabanan
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Eating before Havdala
Birkat HaMazon Additions for Shabbat and Rosh Chodesh Saturday Night
Situation Rosh Chodesh begins on Saturday night. You started...
Shabbat: Checking for Bugs
Checking Product for Bugs on Shabbat
You may check produce for bugs on Shabbat or Jewish...
Introduction to Shabbat: Meals
Introduction to Shabbat: Meals
Three Shabbat Meals We are required to eat three Shabbat meals, as...
Shabbat: Candles: Meaning
Shabbat: Candles: Peace of Home and Festive Feeling
The original purpose for lighting Shabbat candles was to enhance the...
Shabbat: Animals and Muktza
Shabbat: Moving Animals
All animals are muktza on Shabbat , even pets, since they do not have...
Shabbat: "Acquisitions"
Shabbat: Permitted Acquisitions
You may not acquire items ( kinyan ) on Shabbat unless they are needed...
When Shabbat Starts: General
When Shabbat Starts: General
There are many approaches as to when to start Shabbat : Men...
Mourning: Who Must Mourn
Mourning: Who Must Mourn: No Onenut on Shabbat and Jewish Festivals
One is not an  onen   whenever a body may not be buried, such...
When Shabbat Ends/Motza'ei Shabbat
Shabbat Ends at Dark
You may not end Shabbat before dark (appearance of three medium-size...
Shabbat: Candles: When To Light
Shabbat: Candles: Earliest Time To Light
You may not light  Shabbat  (or  Jewish festiva...
Shabbat: Candles: When To Light
Shabbat: Candles: Latest Time To Light
You may not light after sunset (or after whatever time the entire...
Shabbat: Candles: When To Light
Shabbat: Candles: Lighting with Delay until Sunset
Under extenuating circumstances, women may make a...
Shabbat: Animal Care
Shabbat: Dog-Walking inside Eruv
You may walk a dog or other animal on a leash on Shabbat within an...
Shabbat: Animal Care
Shabbat: Dog-Walking outside Eruv
You may walk a dog or other animal on a leash on Shabbat outside a...
Tzitzit: When To Check
Tzitzit Checking: Shabbat and Jewish Festivals
Do not check tzitzit on Shabbat or Jewish festivals . Reason...
When Shabbat Starts: If Sun Does Not Set
When Shabbat Starts
Note There are many approaches as to when to start Shabbat !
Lulav: When To Bless
Lulav: Shabbat
Don’t pick up the lulav or say the blessing on Shabbat .
Shabbat: Bathing
Shabbat: Blotting Hair
You may blot your hair with a towel on Shabbat as long as you...
Shabbat: Candles: Where To Light
Shabbat: Candles: Lighting at Dinner Location
Light Shabbat candles wherever you will eat dinner. Note If...
Shabbat: Bathing
Shabbat: Showering
It is forbidden to shower on Shabbat .
When Shabbat Starts: Within Shabbat Domain
Starting Shabbat outside Shabbat Domain/Techum Shabbat
If you are outside techum Shabbat (which may be as little as 0.7...
When Shabbat Starts: Within Shabbat Domain
Starting Shabbat within Shabbat Domain/Techum Shabbat
If an entire community starts Shabbat early, individuals must also...
Shabbat: Animals' Doing Melacha
Training Animal To Violate Shabbat
You may not train your dog or other animal to turn on or off lights for...
When Shiv’a Resumes
When Shiv'a Resumes: Shabbat
Shiv'a  that is interrupted by  Shabbat...
Amida Errors: Chonein HaDaat/Yismach Moshe/Tikanta Shabbat/Ata Echad/Rashei Chodashim/Ata Vichartanu
Amida Errors: Chonein HaDaat/Yismach Moshe/Tikanta Shabbat/Ata Echad/Rashei Chodashim/Ata Vichartanu
What : Chonein HaDaat/Yismach Moshe/Tikanta Shabbat/Ata...
Shabbat: Freezing
Shabbat and Making Ice Cubes
You may fill an ice cube tray on Shabbat if you intend to use the ice...
Shabbat: Bioluminescence
Shabbat: Bioluminescence
You may use bioluminescent light on Shabbat and you may carry the...
Shabbat: Candles: Who Lights
Shabbat: Candles: Have Others in Mind When Lighting
Whoever is lighting the Shabbat candles should light for all other...
Shabbat: Candles: Who Lights
Shabbat: Candles: One Person per Home Lights
Shabbat candles should be lit only by one person per home. Priority...
Shabbat: Trapped Animals
Shabbat: Feeding Wild Trapped Animal
You may not feed wild animals on Shabbat .  But, if you intend...
Shabbat: Trapped Animals
Shabbat: Trapping/Releasing Animals
You may not trap wild animals on Shabbat (or on a Jewish festival...
Talit Katan: Blessings
Talit Katan: Blessings: Shabbat or Jewish Festival Talit Katan
Situation You switch to a special talit katan right before...
Shabbat: Grinding (Tochein)
Grinding on Shabbat: Avocadoes
You may crush or squash an avocado (such as when making guacamole) on...
Shabbat: Grinding (Tochein)
Grinding on Shabbat: Eggs
You may pulverize a cooked egg (such as a hard-boiled egg) on Shabbat...
Shabbat: Grinding (Tochein)
Grinding on Shabbat: How Finely You May Grind
You may not grind, grate, or even finely chop or dice food on Shabbat ....
Shabbat: Books
Shabbat: Books with Writing on Side
On Shabbat , you may open a book that has words or letters printed on...
Shabbat Candles: How Many To Light
Shabbat: Candles: How Many To Light when Eating Elsewhere
A wife lighting Shabbat candles in a place other than her own home...
Shabbat Candles: How Many To Light
Shabbat: Candles: Wives: Light Two (or More)
Wives should light two candles for Shabbat (and Jewish festivals ),...
Shabbat: Books
Shabbat: Marking Pages in Books
You may mark pages in a book, whether secular or holy, on Shabbat by:...
Shabbat: Braiding Hair
Shabbat: Braiding Hair
You may not braid (or unbraid) hair on Shabbat.
Shabbat: Candles: Blessing
Shabbat: Candles: How To Do Blessing: Men
Here is the order for blessing over the Shabbat candles by men:...
Shabbat: Candles: Blessing
Shabbat: Candles: How To Do Blessing: Women
Here is the order for blessing over the Shabbat candles by women:...
Shabbat: Candles: Blessing
Shabbat: Candles: Lighting with Wrong Blessing
If you said the blessing for Jewish festival candles instead of for...
Shabbat: Kneading (Lash)
Shabbat: Mixing Powders with Liquid
You may mix powdered food substances with liquids on Shabbat if:...
Shabbat: Kneading (Lash)
Shabbat: Mixing Soft Foods
Mixing tuna and mayonnaise and or other soft or mushy foods is permitted...
Birkat HaChodesh
Announcing Two-Day Rosh Chodesh Starting Shabbat
If Rosh Chodesh will be two days starting next Shabbat , say...
HaMotzi: Shabbat
HaMotzi: Shabbat
For HaMotzi on Shabbat , see Shabbat: Two Loaves (Lechem Mishneh) .
Shabbat: Candles: How Long Must Burn
How Long Must Shabbat Candles Burn
Shabbat candles must burn at least until dark and you have...
Shabbat: Brushing Teeth
Shabbat: Flossing
You may floss your teeth on Shabbat as long as your gums do not bleed....
Shabbat: Muktza in the Kitchen
Shabbat: Muktza: Moving a Hotplate
You may move a hotplate on  Shabbat  but ONLY if you need the...
Shabbat: Muktza in the Kitchen
Shabbat: Muktza: Moving an Empty Pot
Pots become muktza on Shabbat once the food in them is all gone. See...
Shabbat: Brushing Teeth
Shabbat: Rinsing Toothbrush
You may rinse your toothbrush if you will use it again on Shabbat, but...
Shabbat: Brushing Teeth
Shabbat: Toothpaste
You may not use toothpaste on Shabbat .
Shabbat: Brushing Teeth
Shabbat: Water, Tooth Powder, Toothwashing Liquid
You may use water, tooth powder, and toothwashing liquid on Shabbat...
CONVERTS
Non-Jew Must Violate Shabbat
A non-Jew is not permitted to observe Shabbat completely. He...
Shabbat: Salting
Shabbat and Salting Food
You may not salt certain foods, whether cooked or raw, on Shabbat if...
Shabbat: Candlesticks
Shabbat: Candlesticks: Moving Candle Holders
You may not remove candle holders from a table on Shabbat , but you may...
Shabbat: Selecting/Boreir
Introduction to Shabbat and Selecting/Boreir
Selecting Good from Bad and Bad from Good Boreir Principle #1 : You...
Shabbat: Selecting/Boreir
Shabbat: Removing Seeds in Foods
Shabbat : Easy to Remove If each unwanted element is easy to...
Shabbat: Selecting/Boreir
Shabbat: Salt Shaker with Rice
On Shabbat you may not, due to boreir , use a salt shaker into which...
Shabbat: Selecting/Boreir
Shabbat: Washing-Draining Food
You may wash or rinse food on Shabbat and pour off...
Shiv'a: Shabbat and Public Mourning
Shiv'a: Mourning on Shabbat
A mourner does not mourn publicly on Shabbat.
Shabbat: Squeezing (Dash)
Shabbat: Squeezing Brine from Tuna
You may squeeze brine from canned tuna on Shabbat but only if you will...
Shabbat: Squeezing (Dash)
Shabbat: Squeezing Fruit
On Shabbat , you may squeeze a lemon (or other fruit) onto solid food...
Shabbat: Squeezing (Dash)
Shabbat: Squeezing Liquid from Cooked Vegetables
You may squeeze liquid from cooked vegetables on Shabbat but only if...
Shabbat: Coloring (Tzovei'a)
Introduction to Shabbat: Coloring (Tzovei'a)
Since wool and/or leather was dyed for the  Tabernacle  in the...
Shabbat: Coloring (Tzovei'a)
Shabbat: Coloring (Tzovei'a): Cloth
You may wipe a stain off of your face or hands onto a cloth or piece...
Shabbat: Coloring (Tzovei'a)
Shabbat: Coloring (Tzovei'a): Food
You may not add a substance, whether food or other, in order to color...
Shabbat: Couriers and Packages
Ordering Shipment that Arrives on Shabbat
You may not order a shipment — such as Fedex or other express...
Shabbat: Cut Flowers
Shabbat: Adding Water to Cut Flowers
You may not add water to cut flowers in a utensil on Shabbat .  
Shabbat: Cut Flowers
Shabbat: Moving Cut Flowers
You may move cut flowers in a vase or other utensil on Shabbat if they...
Shabbat: Cut Flowers
Shabbat: Putting Cut Flowers in Water
You may not put cut flowers into a vase or other utensil (with water in...
Shabbat: Doors
Shabbat: Door Knocker
You may not use a knocker on a door on Shabbat. You may knock on a...
Shabbat: Doors
Shabbat: Replacing Doors
Due to the melacha of boneh (building), on Shabbat you may not...
Shabbat: Dragging
Shabbat and Dragging Heavy Objects
You may drag heavy objects over soil on Shabbat, but only if:...
Teruma/Ma'aser: When To Separate
Teruma/Ma'aser: When To Separate: Not on Shabbat
You may not separate teruma and ma’aser on Shabbat since it...
Shabbat: Electricity/Electrical Devices
Shabbat: Electricity/Electrical Devices: Turning Off
You may not turn off or disconnect an operating electrical device (such...
Shabbat: Elevators/Escalators
Shabbat: Asking Non-Jew To Help with Electric Door/Elevator
You may ask a non-Jew to open an electric door or to push the button...
Shabbat: Elevators/Escalators
Shabbat: Riding Escalators
You may ride escalators on Shabbat if they: Run constantly,...
Shabbat: Exercise
Shabbat and Swimming
You may not swim on Shabbat .      
Shabbat: Exercise
Shabbat and Weight-Lifting
You may change weights on barbells or on a completely mechanical (no...
Shabbat: Exercise
Shabbat: Roller Blading
You may roller blade on Shabbat .
Shabbat: Exercise
Shabbat: Strengthening Exercise
You may not exercise on Shabbat to strengthen your body. You may...
Shabbat: Exercise
Shabbat: Stretching
You may stretch on Shabbat (and Jewish festivals ) to make yourself...
Shabbat: Exercise
Shabbat: Trapeze
You may swing and fly on a trapeze on Shabbat .
Shabbat: Fans
Shabbat: Fans
See Shabbat: Moving a Fan .
Shabbat: Garbage
Shabbat: Dumping the Garbage
You may dump garbage from inside a house on Shabbat if the garbage...
MARI'T AYIN
Riding with Non-Jewish Driver on Shabbat
See Shabbat: Riding with Non-Jewish Driver .
Shabbat: Glasses
Shabbat: Eye Glasses
You may wash reading glasses or sunglasses using liquid soap on Shabbat .
Shabbat: Glasses
Shabbat: Sunglasses
You may use photosensitive glasses (such as photogray) on Shabbat .
Shabbat: Hair/Beards
Shabbat: Hair Brushing
You may brush your hair on Shabbat but only if the brush bristles bend...
Shabbat: Hair/Beards
Shabbat: Hair Cuts/Shaving
You may not have your hair cut and you may not shave on...
Shabbat: Insects
Shabbat: Biting or Stinging Insects
You may trap insects on Shabbat that may hurt you, such as mosquitoes...
Shabbat: Insects
Shabbat: Insects that May Carry Diseases
You may kill mosquitoes and other insects on Shabbat if they carry...
Shabbat: Knots
Shabbat: Double Bows
You may not tie a double bow on Shabbat .
Shabbat: Knots
Shabbat: Permanent Knots
You may not tie permanent knots on Shabbat . A permanent knot is a knot...
Shabbat: LCDs/LEDs
Shabbat: Causing LCDs/LEDs To Change
You may not use any item on Shabbat that will cause an LCD or LED to...
Shabbat: LCDs/LEDs
Shabbat: Causing LED To Light Up
You may not do anything on Shabbat that will cause an LED to light up....
Shabbat: Laundry
Introduction to Shabbat: Laundry
You may not wash or hang up wet laundry on Shabbat ( or Jewish...
PETS
Pet Medicine on Shabbat and Jewish Festivals
Pets may be given medicine on Shabbat and Jewish festivals .
Shabbat: Lights
Shabbat: Redirecting Lighting Fixture
You may redirect a light fixture on Shabbat, but only by moving it...
Shabbat: Makeup
Shabbat: Applying Makeup
Women and girls may not apply any nail polish or makeup on Shabbat...
Shabbat: Makeup
Shabbat: Removing Makeup
On Shabbat (or Jewish festivals ), a girl or woman may remove...
Shabbat: Mail and Periodicals
Shabbat: Bringing Mail inside House
Do not bring mail inside the house on Shabbat, unless it was...
Shabbat: Mail and Periodicals
Shabbat: Bringing Newspaper inside House
You may bring a newspaper, magazine, or other reading material inside...
Blessings: How Many To Say
100 Blessings on Shabbat and Jewish Festivals
On Shabbat and some Jewish festivals , you might want to fulfill...
Shabbat: Mops
Shabbat: Mopping
You may squeegee a floor on Shabbat (or Jewish festival) --as is...
Shabbat: Music
Shabbat: Kazoos/Whistles
You may not use a kazoo or a whistle on Shabbat , but you may whistle...
Shabbat: Music
Shabbat: Listening to Non-Jewish Musicians
You may listen to non-Jewish musicians performing on Shabbat if you do...
Shabbat: Nail Cutting
Shabbat: Nail Cutting
You may not bite your nails or have them cut on Shabbat (and Jewish...
Shabbat: Pumps
Shabbat: Well Water
You may use water from a pump-operated well on Shabbat (as on Jewish...
Shabbat: Refrigerators
Shabbat: Opening Refrigerator when Compressor not On
On Shabbat , even though you may cause a compressor to turn on while...
Shabbat: Refrigerators
Shabbat: Opening Refrigerator with Light or LED
On Shabbat , do not open a refrigerator door that has LEDs that...
Shabbat: Room Sensors
Shabbat: Preventing Motion Detector from Lighting Up
If a motion detector will light up when you move, you must cover the...
Shabbat: Room Sensors
Shabbat: Walking into Room with Motion Detector
Do not walk into a room on Shabbat that has a motion detector that...
Shabbat: Secular Studies
Shabbat: Secular Studying
Studying secular subjects is not in the spirit of Shabbat but it is...
Shabbat: Soap
Shabbat: Hard Soap
You may not use hard soap on Shabbat .
Shabbat: Soap
Shabbat: Soap Bubbles
Causing soap bubbles from lather on Shabbat is not a problem.
Shabbat: Sunscreen
Shabbat: Sunscreens
To use a fluid on skin on Shabbat , even sunscreen that may be needed...
Shabbat: Talking
Shabbat: Talking about Weekday Subjects
You may talk about weekday subjects on Shabbat if what you are...
Shabbat: Taping
Shabbat: Taping Card to Hotel Room Door
You may tape a card to a hotel room door on Shabbat in order to...
Shabbat: Taping
Shabbat: Taping Items Together
You may not tape items together on Shabbat if you intend for them to...
Jewish Festivals: Techum Shabbat
Jewish Festival: Item from outside Techum Shabbat
You may not use, on a Jewish festival, any item that was outside the...
Shabbat: Telephones
Shabbat: Telephones
If Shabbat is over where you are, you may speak by phone to non-Jews...
Shabbat: Toilet
Shabbat: Flushing Toilet
Flushing a toilet on Shabbat is not a violation of transferring from...
Kiddush Levana: When To Say
Kiddush Levana: When To Say: Shabbat
You may say kiddush levana on Shabbat, if needed ....
Shabbat: Trees
Shabbat: Tree House
You may use a tree house on Shabbat only if both the tree house and...
Shabbat: Videotaping
Shabbat: Being Videotaped by a Jew
You may not be videotaped by a Jew on Shabbat even if it is not for...
Shabbat: Walking
Shabbat: Walking in Long Grass
You may walk on long grass on Shabbat unless by doing so you will...
Shabbat: Walking
Shabbat: Walking on Sand or Soil
You may walk on sand or soil on Shabbat .
Brit Mila: Delays: Shabbat/Jewish Festivals
Brit Mila: Delays: Shabbat/Jewish Festivals: Special Births
Situation A baby boy is born by caesarean section. The eighth day...
Shabbat: Water (Pool)
Shabbat: Dangling Legs
On Shabbat , you may dangle  your feet or legs into a pool...
Shabbat: Water Filters
Filtering Potable Water on Shabbat
You may use a non-electrical water filter on Shabbat . The water must...
Shabbat: Watering
Shabbat: Waste Water
On Shabbat , do not pour waste water onto any area where plants can...
Kaddish: How Long To Say
Kaddish: How Long To Say: Shomer Shabbat or Not
Kaddish is only said for 11 months for a shomer Shabbat Jew and 12...
Women: Shabbat
Women: How To Bless over Shabbat Candles
For questions about the Shabbat candle lighting blessing, see Shabbat:...
Women: Shabbat
Women: How Many Shabbat Candles To Light
For how many Shabbat candles wives should light, see Shabbat Candles:...
Women: Shabbat
Women: Minimum Prayer before Saying Shabbat Kiddush
For women’s minimum obligation to pray before saying Shabbat...
Women: Shabbat
Women: Shabbat and Makeup
For women and makeup on Shabbat , see Shabbat: Makeup .  
Women: Shabbat
Women: When Shabbat Starts for Women
For when Shabbat starts for women, see Women Start Shabbat:...
Women: Shabbat
Women: When To Light Shabbat Candles
For delaying Shabbat candle lighting until sunset, see Shabbat:...
Women: Shabbat
Women: Where To Light Shabbat Candles
For where women should light Shabbat candles, see Shabbat: Candles:...
Women: Shabbat
Women: Who Lights Shabbat Candles
For priority order of family members to light Shabbat candles, see...
When To Pause or Join Minyan
When To Pause or Join Minyan: Shabbat/Jewish Festival Shacharit
If the leader gets to kedusha on Shabbat or Jewish festival...
Making Challa
Six-Braid Challa for Shabbat
It is a non-binding custom to braid challa as a reminder of the 12...
Shabbat: What To Reheat
Shabbat: Reheat Solid Food but Not Liquid
You may reheat dry (not wet; not even damp), solid, cooked food, but not...
Shabbat: How To Reheat
Shabbat: How To Reheat
How To Reheat on Hotplate or Blech: Before Shabbat Begins...
Lulav: Beauty
Lulav: If First Day of Sukkot Is Shabbat
You do not need to buy a fancy or expensive lulav and etrog if the...
Honoring Parents: Non-Observant Jewish
Shabbat/Jewish Festivals with a Non-Observant Jewish Parent
You should spend Shabbat or Jewish festivals with your...
Kashrut: Food Served by Shomer Shabbat Jew
Kashrut: Food Served by Shomer Shabbat Jew
You may trust that the food a shomer Shabbat Jew serves is kosher...
Minyan: Keeping Pace: Shacharit Minyan
If Arrive Late on Shabbat or Jewish Festival Morning
If you are late to minyan on Shabbat (or Jewish festival)...
With Whom To Pray: Who May Be Counted in a Quorum (Minyan)
Non-Shomer Shabbat Jew Counted in Minyan
A non- shomer Shabbat Jew may be counted as part of a minyan .  
Shabbat: IDL and Region of Safek/Doubt
Introduction to Shabbat, IDL, and Region of Safek/Doubt
The International Dateline (IDL), which is 180 degrees away from...
Introduction to Preparing Shabbat Food
Introduction to Preparing Shabbat Food
Before Shabbat , we make or buy the food that we will need for Shabbat...
When To Say Kabbalat Shabbat
Kabbalat Shabbat and Jewish Festivals
Kabbalat Shabbat is mostly omitted when Shabbat falls on:...
When To Say Kabbalat Shabbat
Latest Time To Say Kabbalat Shabbat
The latest time to finish saying Kabbalat Shabbat is before daybreak...
When To Say Kabbalat Shabbat
Start Kabbalat Shabbat Ideally before Sunset
Kabbalat Shabbat should ideally be started before sunset, and you...
Introduction to Shabbat: How To Prepare
Introduction to Shabbat: How To Prepare
Taking care of many of our physical needs before Shabbat begins allows...
Shabbat: Kiddush: Requirements
Shabbat: Kiddush: Requirements
To do Shabbat kiddush, Say, or hear, the Shabbat kiddush...
Shabbat: Kiddush: How Much To Pour
Pour Revi'it for Shabbat Kiddush
As on Jewish festivals , the minimum volume of kiddush beverage on...
Shabbat: Setting the Table
Setting the Shabbat Table
Set the Shabbat table with nice tableware and tablecloth.  The...
Shabbat: Eating Before
Appetite for Shabbat Dinner
Do not eat a full meal (any bread or a lot of mezonot ) after...
Shabbat: Eating Before
Eating before Hearing Shabbat Evening Kiddush
See Eating from Start of Shabbat until Kiddush .  
Shabbat: Kiddush: Cup & Wine Bottles
Shabbat: Uncovered Wine Bottles/Cups
You do not need to close the wine bottle or cover the other wine cups...
Shabbat: Kiddush: How Much To Drink
Drinking Cheekful for Shabbat Kiddush
As on Jewish festivals , the minimum total volume of Shabbat...
Introduction to Shabbat Domain/Techum Shabbat
Introduction to Shabbat Domain/Techum Shabbat
Techum Shabbat ( Shabbat domain) is the furthest distance a Jew may...
Introduction to Shabbat Domain/Techum Shabbat
Shabbat Domain/Techum Shabbat: Item Brought from Outside
You may not use any item brought to you on Shabbat from outside...
Shabbat: Two Loaves (Lechem Mishneh): Why Two Loaves
Shabbat: Two Loaves: Double Portion
The two loaves of bread on Shabbat reminds us of the double portion of...
What Time Is Mincha
Earliest Mincha before Shabbat
The earliest mincha before Shabbat is one-half hour after halachic...
Shabbat: Dinner: Eating before Kiddush
Eating a Full Meal before Shabbat
See Appetite for Shabbat Dinner .
Shabbat: Dinner: Eating before Kiddush
Eating from Start of Shabbat until Kiddush
 Once Shabbat begins for you—either at sunset or before...
Shabbat: Mincha and Candle Lighting
Saying Mincha after Lighting Shabbat Candles
A woman or girl who has already lit Shabbat candles may not say...
Shabbat: Early Ma'ariv
Answering Kedusha If You Accepted Shabbat
Situation You have begun Shabbat early and you are at a minyan...
Shabbat: Early Ma'ariv
Beginning Shabbat Early When Friday Is Rosh Chodesh
Situation You begin Shabbat early when Rosh Chodesh falls...
Shabbat: Dinner: How To Do Kiddush
How To Do Shabbat Evening Kiddush
To fulfill the two requirements for Shabbat evening kiddush :...
Eating before Shabbat Shacharit
Eating before Making Shabbat Kiddush
You may eat non- mezonot and non-bread food before praying Shabbat...
Eating before Shabbat Shacharit
Women and Minimum Prayer before Saying Shabbat Kiddush
The minimum prayer that a woman should say on Shabbat (or Jewish...
Eating after Shabbat Shacharit
Eating before Shabbat Midday
Don’t fast on Shabbat (except Yom Kippur !) past halachic...
Eating after Shabbat Shacharit
Eating Only after Fulfilling Shabbat Kiddush Requirements
Once you have said the amida of Shabbat shacharit , you may not eat...
Shabbat: Lunch: How To Do Kiddush
How To Do Shabbat Daytime Kiddush
There are two requirements for  Shabbat  daytime...
Shabbat: Second Meal
How To Fulfill Eating Shabbat Second Meal
You must eat a second meal on Shabbat (or Jewish festival ) day...
Shabbat: Owning Business Operated on Shabbat
Owning a Business Operated on Shabbat
A business whose sole or major owner is Jewish may not be operated on...
Shabbat: Internet Business
Shabbat: Internet Business
Running a business that accepts orders and payments over the internet...
Selling Tickets for Shabbat Flights
Selling Tickets for Flights on Shabbat
A travel agent may sell airline tickets during a weekday to a Jew...
Shabbat: Carrying (Hotza'a) and Domains
Carrying Children on Shabbat outside Eruv
You may not carry children on  Shabbat  in a public domain...
Shabbat: Carrying (Hotza'a) and Domains
Carrying in Mouth on Shabbat
You may not carry items in your mouth outside a private domain or an...
Introduction to Shabbat: Cooking
Introduction to Shabbat: Cooking
Bishul B'Shabbat/Cooking on Shabbat The Torah forbids...
Shabbat: Heating Liquids
Heating Already Cooked Coffee or Tea on Shabbat
You may not brew coffee or steep tea on Shabbat . You may use:...
Shabbat: Heating Liquids
Heating Liquids on Shabbat
You may not heat liquids by any method on Shabbat .  You may...
Shabbat: Mixing Hot and Raw Foods
Shabbat: Hot Liquids on Raw Foods
You may not pour a hot liquid (120°F--49°C - or more) onto raw...
Shabbat: Mixing Hot and Raw Foods
Shabbat: Hot Soup and Cheese
You may not put cheese in hot (120° F--49° C—or more)...
Shabbat: Mixing Hot and Raw Foods
Shabbat: Mixing Hot and Pickled Foods
Pickles, sauerkraut, olives, and other pickled foods are considered...
Shabbat: Food Heated by Solar Heat
Shabbat: Cooking by Solar Heat
You may cook or reheat food on Shabbat using solar heat, but only if...
Shabbat: Buttons
Extra Shirt Buttons on Shabbat
You may wear extra shirt buttons, sewn on to be used in the future if...
Shabbat: Bottles
Opening Metal Bottle Caps on Shabbat
You may not open metal bottle caps on  Shabbat  if...
Shabbat: Bottles
Opening Plastic Bottles on Shabbat
You may completely open plastic bottle caps on plastic bottles on...
Shabbat: Folding Clothes
Folding Clothes on a Crease on Shabbat
Don’t fold clothes (including a talit ) on an existing crease on...
Shabbat: Twist-Ties
Shabbat: Non-Permanent Twist-Ties
You may twist or untwist twist ties on Shabbat, but only if you intend...
Shabbat: Removing Dirt from Clothing
Non-Embedded Dirt on Shabbat
You may brush off non-embedded dirt or hair from the surface of...
Shabbat: Tearing
Shabbat: Tearing Paper and Plastic Wrap
You may tear paper, plastic,  foil,  or...
When To Leave by Airplane before Shabbat
Flying before Shabbat for Business
You may leave until sunset on Friday if you are flying for business, but...
Shabbat: Flying for Business
Flying through Shabbat for Business
If you fly through Shabbat (permitted for business only), you must...
Shabbat: Landing
Shabbat: Landing at Connected Jetway
If you land before local sunset on Saturday and the jetway is connected...
Shabbat: Landing
Shabbat: Police Orders To Leave Airport
If you land at an airport on Shabbat and the police or other authority...
Shabbat: Landing
Shabbat: Taking Luggage from Airport
If you are ordered to take your bags outside of the airport or the...
Shabbat: Cruise for Business
Shabbat: Embarking for Business Trip
You may embark on a cruise for business until sunset on Friday. You must...
Shabbat: Docking
Shabbat: Docking after Sunset Friday
If the ship was not yet docked at sunset on Friday, you must stay on...
Shabbat: Adjusting Controls and Vents
Shabbat: Adjusting Air Conditioning Vents
You may adjust air conditioning vents on Shabbat as long as you adjust...
Shabbat: Adjusting Controls and Vents
Shabbat: Adjusting Temperature Controls
On Shabbat , you may not adjust temperature controls.
Shabbat: Moving Fans and Heaters
Shabbat: Moving a Fan
You may pick up and move a fan on Shabbat (even if it is operating) if...
Shabbat: Moving Fans and Heaters
Shabbat: Moving Electric Heater
You may pick up and move an electric heater on  Shabbat...
Shabbat: Moving Fans and Heaters
Shabbat: Moving Flame Heater
On Shabbat, you may not move a kerosene or other heater that has a...
Shabbat: Moving Fans and Heaters
Shabbat: Using Electrical Devices for Non-Electrical Purposes
You may use an electric radiator or other electrical appliances for...
Shabbat: Water Heaters
Shabbat: Water Heater above 120° F
On Shabbat , you may not use water from any type of water heater,...
Shabbat: Water Heaters
Shabbat: Water Heater below 120° F
If you keep your water heater permanently set to less than...
Shabbat: Keys: Tie Clip or Brooch
Shabbat Key as Tie Clip or Brooch
On Shabbat , you may not carry a key by hanging it on a tie clip or...
Shabbat Key in Shabbat Belt
Do Not Stack Two Keys in Shabbat Belt
Do not stack two keys in a Shabbat belt: put them on separate...
Shabbat Key in Shabbat Belt
How To Open Door with Key in Shabbat Belt
Situation You need to open a door with a key on a Shabbat belt in a...
Shabbat Key in Shabbat Belt
Key in Shabbat Belt
A Shabbat belt key should be integrated into the belt, not hanging...
Introduction to Shabbat and Medicines
Introduction to Shabbat and Medicines
Health or Life-Threatening Condition On Shabbat , you may not take...
Shabbat: Creams and Oils
Shabbat: Squeezing, Dabbing, and Smearing Medicinal Creams
You may squeeze a tube of cream on Shabbat, but you might not be able...
Shabbat: Medicine
Shabbat: Medicine for Chronic Diseases
You may take medicine on Shabbat for chronic diseases such as high...
Shabbat: Medicine
Shabbat: Medicine for Non-Chronic Diseases
You may take medicine on Shabbat for non-chronic illnesses, if...
Shabbat: Painkillers
When You May Take a Painkiller on Shabbat
You may take a painkiller on Shabbat if the pain affects the entire...
Introduction to Shabbat: Transportation
Introduction to Shabbat and Transportation
It is best to avoid traveling at all on Shabbat .
Shabbat: Cars/Vehicles
Shabbat: Riding with Non-Jewish Driver
You may ride in a vehicle with a non-Jewish driver on Shabbat only if:...
Migdol or Magdil
Birkat HaMazon Once Shabbat Ends: Migdol or Magdil
When saying birkat ha’mazon after Shabbat until halachic...
Birkat HaMazon: Knives on Table
Birkat HaMazon: Covering Knife on Shabbat
You do not need to cover or remove a knife on the table before saying...
Shabbat: Preparation Checklist
Preparing For Shabbat
Here are some suggestions (these are NOT halachot !) of what to prepare...
Shabbat: Card Playing
Shabbat: Card Playing
Playing cards is not forbidden on Shabbat as long as you do not gamble...
Shabbat: Removing Tag from Clothing
Shabbat: Removing Tag from Clothing
You may not cut a tag off clothes on Shabbat . 
Shabbat: Ball Playing
Shabbat: Retrieving Ball
You may retrieve a ball or other item that has fallen into a bush on...
Shabbat: Ball Playing
Shabbat: Snowballs
You may make snowballs on Shabbat for purposes of playing.
Shabbat: Candles: When To Light
Shabbat: Candles: Normal Lighting Times
In many countries, candle lighting time is 18 minutes before sunset....
Shabbat: Animal Care
Shabbat: Feeding Animals before Yourself
If you do own an animal, you must generally feed it before you are...
Shabbat: Dishes
Shabbat and Sponging
You may not wash dishes with a: Sponge (even if it is on a...
Shabbat: Selecting/Boreir
Shabbat: Dropping Unwanted Food
When you have food mixed with non-desired substances, you may remove the...
Shabbat: Selecting/Boreir
Shabbat: Fat from Gravy
You may skim fat from gravy as long as you take some gravy, too, with...
Shabbat: Selecting/Boreir
Shabbat: Separating Good Food from Bad in Your Mouth
Boreir does not apply to separating anything inside of your mouth: you...
Shiv'a: Shabbat and Public Mourning
Women and Public Consolation after Kabbalat Shabbat
It is not the custom for women to get public consolation ( nichum...
Shabbat: Electric Eyes
Shabbat and Electric Eyes
You may walk into the path of an electric eye if it only prevents a door...
Shabbat: Elevators/Escalators
Shabbat: Riding Elevators
You may ride on an elevator if: The elevator stops at all...
Shabbat: Lights
Shabbat: Moving Lighting Fixture
You may slide a lamp or other light fixture to where you need the light...
Shabbat: Trees
Shabbat: Tree Rope
You may only use a tree rope for swinging or climbing if separated from...
Shabbat: Trees
Shabbat: Walking between Trees/Bushes
You may walk between  bushes or trees, even if they are close to...
Rosh Chodesh: Ul'Chaparat Pasha
Shabbat-Rosh Chodesh: Adding Ul'Chaparat Pasha
SITUATION It is Rosh Chodesh in a Jewish leap year. WHAT TO DO...
Shabbat: Kiddush: How Much To Pour
How High To Fill Shabbat Kiddush Cup
Ideally, fill your kiddush cup to just above the rim, even if the cup...
Shabbat: Kiddush: Cup & Wine Bottles
Shabbat: Kos Pagum
Do not use a kos pagum for kiddush . Kos pagum means either:...
Shabbat: Kiddush: Cup & Wine Bottles
Shabbat: Pouring Back Wine
You may pour excess wine from kiddush back into the bottle as long as...
Shabbat: Kiddush: Cup & Wine Bottles
Shabbat: Washing Wine Glass
There is no need to wash a wine glass before using it if it is already...
Shabbat: Kiddush: Cup & Wine Bottles
Shabbat: Your Own Kiddush Cup
As on Jewish festivals , if you want to drink kiddush wine, you may...
Shabbat Kiddush: Standing or Sitting
Shabbat: Kiddush: Standing or Sitting
Various customs apply to whether to stand or sit during  kiddush...
Shabbat: Two Loaves (Lechem Mishneh): How To Wash For
Shabbat: Two Loaves: What HaMotzi Covers
See HaMotzi: Which Foods HaMotzi Covers .
Shabbat: Early Ma'ariv
Shabbat: Ideal Time for Ma'ariv
The ideal time for ma’ariv on Friday night is whenever will make...
Shabbat: Dinner: How To Do Kiddush
What To Drink for Shabbat Dinner Kiddush
Wine (or grape juice) is the only drink permissible for Friday evening...
Se'uda Shlishit: When To Eat
Latest Time You May Eat on Shabbat
If you finished eating (and saying birkat ha’mazon / bracha...
Shabbat: Serving Hot Food
Shabbat and Ladling Soup
You may ladle soup from a pot on a turned-off burner without having to...
When To Leave by Airplane before Shabbat
Flying before Shabbat and Flight Delayed
Situation You are are flying for business on Friday and the...
Shabbat: Landing
Shabbat: Landing at Unconnected Jetway
If the jetway is a ladder or not connected to the terminal, you must...
Shabbat: Cruise for Pleasure
Shabbat: Embarking for Pleasure Trip
You must leave by Tuesday at sunset for a pleasure cruise if you will...
Shabbat: Docking
Shabbat: Docking before Sunset Friday
If your ship docks before sunset on Friday, you may get off on Saturday....
Shabbat: Docking
Shabbat: Moored before Friday
If the ship was moored (anchored to the sea bottom without being...
Shabbat: Creams and Oils
Shabbat: Massage Oils
You may rub olive oil, almond oil, and other massage oils onto your skin...
Shabbat: Ball Playing
Shabbat: Ball Playing in Yard or Eruv
If a private yard is enclosed, playing ball is not forbidden. Within a...
Shabbat: Food in Turned-On Oven
Shabbat: Food in Turned-On Oven
Situation Food is in a turned-on oven. What To Do Even if the...
Shabbat: Stickers
Shabbat: Stickers
Children may apply or remove stickers used for decoration or...
Eating before Havdala
Forgetting Ata Chonantanu
If you forgot to say ata chonantanu after Shabbat ( or Jewish...
Introduction to Shabbat
Goal of Creation
Shabbat was the goal of Creation. Just as God completed the...
Introduction to Eruvs
Introduction to Eruvs
An eruv forms a boundary around an area of land in order to create a...
Introduction to Holidays/Jewish Festivals
Introduction to Holidays/Jewish Festivals/Chagim/Yom Tov
Jewish Festivals are listed in the Torah and are of two types: ...
Introduction to Mourning
Introduction to Mourning
Who Is a Mourner A mourner is defined in halacha as someone...
Introduction to Weddings and Marriage
Introduction to Weddings and Marriage
The purpose of the  rabbi  at a wedding is to ensure...
Introduction to What Is Halacha
Introduction to What Is Halacha
“ Be holy because I, the Lord your God, am holy.”...
Jewish Festivals: Existing Flame
Jewish Festivals: Cooking from an Existing Flame
You may cook food on all Jewish festivals (except Yom Kippur or...
Commandments (Mitzvot)
Precedence of Mitzvot
A frequently performed commandment generally takes precedence over a...
Three Weeks: Three Stages of Mourning
Seventeenth of Tamuz to Tish'a B'Av: Three Stages of Mourning
Before Tish’a b’Av we are in a type of mourning so the...
Commandments (Mitzvot)
Unintentional Violation; Receive No Benefit (Psik Reisha...)
Psik reisha d'la nicha lei ( halacha whose violation you...
Grammar
VaYanuchu Vah
Say v a’yanuchu “ vah ” in the Shabbat amida for...
Kashrut: Alcoholic Beverages
Wine
The principal difference between kosher wine (or grape juice) and non-...
Using God's Name in Vain: Speaking
Blessings and Using God's Name in Vain
You may not use God’s name unless there is a positive purpose....
Jewish Festivals: Checking for Bugs
Checking Product for Bugs on Jewish Festivals
You may check produce for bugs on  Jewish festivals....
When Shabbat Starts: If Sun Does Not Set
Follow Nearest Jewish Community for Non-Setting Sun
If the sun does not set for more than 24 hours, such as north of the...
When Shabbat Ends/Motza'ei Shabbat
How Long between Sunset and Dark
Some communities end Shabbat 42 minutes after sunset, which is when...
Jewish Festivals: Twist-Ties
Jewish Festivals: Non-Permanent Twist-Ties
You may twist or untwist twist ties on Jewish festivals (and...
Jewish Festivals: Animals
Jewish Festivals: Releasing Trapped Wild Animal
As on Shabbat , on Jewish festivals you may release a wild animal...
Wedding: Witnesses
Jewish Wedding: Witnesses: Four Pairs
A Jewish wedding requires four pairs of witnesses, but the same...
Shabbat: Animal Care
Muktza: Feeding Animals that Do Not Belong To You
You may not feed animals that do not belong to you on Shabbat (even if...
Sukka: Eating
Sukka: Eating: Uncomfortable Weather
Except for first night of Sukkot (and also the second night outside of...
Year of Mourning: Mourners Leading a Minyan
Mourners Leading a Minyan
The dead person benefits if his/her son or sons lead...
Saying Baruch HaMavdil
Baruch HaMavdil Bein Kodesh L'Chol To Do Melacha
After it is dark, say Baruch ha’mavdil bein kodesh l’chol...
Saying Baruch HaMavdil
Baruch HaMavdil... and Birkat HaMazon at Third Meal
Situation You washed your hands, said  ha’motzi,...
Dating
Checking Jewish Lineage
If there may be any question about the Jewish lineage of a...
Jewish Festivals: Air Conditioners
Jewish Festivals: Adjusting Air Conditioner Louvers
As on Shabbat , you may adjust air conditioner louvers on Jewish...
Jewish Festivals: Air Conditioners
Jewish Festivals: Adjusting Air Conditioner Temperatures
On Jewish festivals , you may: Lower the temperature when...
HaMotzi: Which Foods HaMotzi Covers
Which Foods HaMotzi Covers
Ha’motzi always covers all food eaten as part of a meal, except...
Yom Kippur: If You Must Eat
Yom Kippur: Birkat HaMazon If You Must Eat Bread
If you must eat a meal including at least 1.3 fl. oz. (39 ml, or 1/6...
Yom Kippur: If You Must Eat
Yom Kippur: No Kiddush If You Must Eat
If you must eat on Yom Kippur (for health reasons), do not make...
Halachic Decisions (Psak): Mitigating Circumstances
Human Dignity (Kavod HaBriot)
Although human dignity ( kavod ha’briot ) cannot override Torah...
Introduction to Havdala
Introduction to Havdala
Havdala is said after Shabbat , Jewish festivals , Rosh Hashana...
Derogatory Speech (Lashon HaRa)
Introduction to Lashon HaRa
Lashon ha’ra is saying (or communicating in any way--even...
Shloshim: Kiddush
Kiddush Club during Shloshim
A mourner during shloshim (or the rest of the mourner's year)...
Rosh Hashana: Shofar
Practicing Shofar on Rosh Hashana
You may practice blowing a shofar on Rosh Hashana (unless it...
Halachic Decisions (Psak): Mitigating Circumstances
Saving a Life (Pikuach Nefesh)
Human life is valued in Judaism, unlike in some other religions. The...
Women: Minimum to Pray
Women: Minimum to Pray
The minimum amount of prayer that women and girls 12 years old and up...
BUSINESS OWNERSHIP
Stockholder in Business that Violates Torah Law
You may be a minority owner or shareholder in a business that violates...
Shabbat Candles: How Many To Light
Adding a Candle
If you missed lighting candles one Shabbat , the custom is to light an...
Jewish Festivals: Eruv Tavshilin
Jewish Festivals: Personal Eruv Tavshilin
One person per household should make an eruv tavshilin in order...
BUSINESS OWNERSHIP
Owning Business that Violates Torah Law
Owning a business that has any violations of Torah laws is forbidden....
Hallel
Order of Prayers with Hallel
To say hallel on Shabbat and Jewish festivals : You do...
Honoring the Elderly
Standing for the Elderly
You do not need to stand up for old people (as a form of honoring them)...
Wedding Customs (These are NOT halachot!)
Wedding Customs: The Aufruf
On the Shabbat before the wedding, the groom has an aufruf at which...
Havdala: When To Say
When To Say Havdala
B’di’avad, havdala after Shabbat may be said day or...
CHALLA SEPARATION
When To Separate Challa (Hafrashat Challa)
You must separate a small portion of dough for the cohanim/priests...
Birkat HaChodesh
Announcing the New Month
Each month (except before Rosh Hashana ), we say the blessing over...
Jewish Festivals: Braiding Hair
Jewish Festivals: Braiding Hair
As on Shabbat , you may not braid (or unbraid) hair on Jewish...
Passover: Kashering
Passover: When To Finish Kashering
When kashering an oven or utensils for Passover , you may kasher:...
Melave Malka
Melave Malka Shir HaMa'alot until Midnight
Say shir ha’ma’alot until midnight (halachic chatzot)...
Tachanun
Shacharit: Tachanun: When Not To Say
Tachanun is related to judgment. Tachanun is NOT said at times of...
Chanuka: Candles: How To Light
Chanuka: Candles: Lighting on Friday
On Friday of Chanuka , light Shabbat candles after Chanuka candles;...
Jewish Festivals: Selecting/Boreir
Introduction to Jewish Festivals: Selecting/Boreir
Issues of boreir are almost always d’oraita , not...
Hosting Guests (Hachnasat Orchim)
Inviting Friends for Meals
Inviting friends to your house for meals, even on Shabbat and Jewish...
Rosh Hashana: Challa Customs
Rosh Hashana: Challa Customs: Round Challa
It is a custom to make round challa for Rosh Hashana and other...
Hosting Guests (Hachnasat Orchim)
To Whom To Give Food and Lodging
We are commanded to give food and accommodation ( hachnasat orchim )...
Hidur Mitzva/Mehadrin
Hidur Mitzva/Mehadrin
Almost all mitzvot may be enhanced by: Making them...
Rosh Hashana: Tashlich
Rosh Hashana: Tashlich: When To Say
Ideally, say tashlich on the afternoon of the first day of Rosh...
Shiv'a: Shabbat and Public Mourning
Shiv'a: Entering Synagogue Friday Night
A mourner enters the synagogue on Friday evening before Mizmor shir...
Psalm 27/L'David Adonai Ori V'Yish'i
When To Say Psalm 27/L'David Adonai Ori V'Yish'i
Begin saying L'David Adonai ori v'yish'i (Psalm 27) on the...
Jewish Festivals: Squeezing Juice
Jewish Festivals: Squeezing a Lemon
As on Shabbat , on Jewish festivals you may squeeze a lemon (or...
Nida/Taharat HaMishpacha
Four Most Common Nida Questions
  What Makes a Woman a Nida  ...
Jewish Festivals: Coloring (Tzovei'a)
Introduction to Jewish Festivals: Coloring (Tzovei'a)
Since wool and/or leather was dyed for the  Tabernacle  in the...
Jewish Festivals: Coloring (Tzovei'a)
Jewish Festivals: Coloring (Tzovei'a): Cloth
You may wipe a stain off of your face or hands onto a cloth or...
Jewish Festivals: Coloring (Tzovei'a)
Jewish Festivals: Coloring (Tzovei'a): Food
You may not add a substance, whether food or other, in order to color...
HAIRCUTS/SHAVING
When Haircuts and Shaving Are Forbidden
Here are the times when men and women are forbidden to get haircuts and...
Jewish Festivals: Exercise
Jewish Festivals: Stretching
You may stretch on Jewish festivals ( and Shabbat ) to make yourself...
Blessings: Categories
Three Main Categories of Blessings
There are three main categories of blessings: Enjoyment (...
Brit Mila: Who Should Perform
Brit Mila: Who Should Perform: Preference
A father should circumcise his male children (if he knows how to do to...
Jewish Festivals: Hair/Beards
Jewish Festival: Hair Cuts/Shaving
You may not have your hair cut and you may not shave on...
Jewish Festivals: Hair/Beards
Jewish Festivals: Hair Brushing
You may brush your hair on a Jewish festival , but only if the brush...
Jewish Festivals: Heaters
Jewish Festivals: Adjusting Heater
On Jewish festivals , you may adjust a heater with an analog...
Jewish Festivals: Heaters
Jewish Festivals: Moving Electric Heater
You may pick up and move an electric heater that is ON on Jewish...
Jewish Festivals: Heaters
Jewish Festivals: Moving Flame Heater
Unlike on Shabbat , you may move a kerosene or other heater that has a...
Jewish Festivals: Insects
Jewish Festivals: Biting or Stinging Insects
If insects such as bees or non-diseased mosquitoes don’t carry...
Jewish Festivals: Knots
Jewish Festivals: Permanent Knots
You may not tie permanent knots on Jewish festivals ( and Shabbat) ....
Jewish Festivals: LCDs/LEDs
Jewish Festivals: Changing LCD/LED
As on Shabbat , you may not use any item on a Jewish festival that...
Jewish Festivals: Laundry
Introduction to Jewish Festivals: Laundry
You may not wash or hang up wet laundry on Jewish festivals (or...
Jewish Festivals: Mail and Periodicals
Jewish Festivals: Bringing Mail inside House
Do not bring mail inside the house on Jewish festivals , unless it...
Jewish Festivals: Mail and Periodicals
Jewish Festivals: Bringing Newspaper inside House
You may bring a newspaper, magazine, or other reading material inside...
Jewish Festivals: Makeup
Jewish Festivals: Applying Makeup
Girls and women may not put on any nail polish or makeup on Jewish...
Jewish Festivals: Makeup
Jewish Festivals: Removing Makeup
Girls and women may remove makeup or nail polish on Jewish festivals...
Blessings: Saying for Someone Else
Blessings: For Someone Else: Mitzva/Birchot Mitzva
You may say any blessing on a mitzva —such as kiddush, hallel,...
Jewish Festivals: Mopping
Jewish Festivals: Mopping
You may squeegee a floor--as is commonly done in Israel--on Jewish...
Jewish Festivals: Nail Cutting
Jewish Festivals: Having Nails Cut
You may not cut your nails or have your nails cut on Jewish festivals...
REMEMBERING AMALEIK
Remembering Amaleik
All Jews, both men and women, must fulfill the commandment to remember...
Birkat HaMazon: When To Repeat
Birkat HaMazon: When To Repeat If Forgot Additions
When saying birkat ha’mazon , you must repeat birkat...
Jewish Festivals: Pumps
Jewish Festivals: Well Water
You may use water from a well on Jewish festivals (as on Shabbat )...
Shabbat: Non-Jews (Shabbat Goy)
Asking Non-Jew To Do Melacha D'Oraita
You may not ask a non-Jew to turn ON a light or turn ON heat, or...
Shabbat: Non-Jews (Shabbat Goy)
Asking Non-Jew To Do Melacha D'Rabanan
You may directly instruct or ask a non-Jew to do melacha...
Jewish Festivals: Refrigerators
Jewish Festivals: Opening Refrigerator Door with LEDs
As on Shabbat , do not open a refrigerator door that has LEDs that...
Blessing the Children/Birkat HaBanim
Blessing the Children: How To Bless: How To Place Hands
You may use one or two hands when giving a blessing, such as when...
TEMPLE (Zeicher L'Churban)
Tearing (Kri'a) on Seeing Temple Ruins
You must tear four vertical inches at the neck of your shirt (and...
Introduction to Separating Challa
Introduction to Separating Challa
Although challa refers to the two loaves of bread (or matza ) over...
Separating the Challa Portion
Separating Challa after Baking
You may separate  challa  after baking (on weekdays only) if...
Sofer
Sofer: Non-Observant Jew
A non- shomer Shabbat Jew may not be a sofer.
Charity/Tzedaka: How Often To Give
Charity Daily on Weekdays
You should give charity daily (except  Shabbat and Jewish...
Kiddush Levana: When To Say
Kiddush Levana: When To Say: Molad
Although the traditional time to say kiddush levana is after...
Being an Onen
Being an Onen: Saying Kaddish
Some communities have the custom of an onen’s saying kaddish....
Jewish Festivals: Water (Pool)
Jewish Festivals: Dangling Legs
On Jewish festivals (and Shabbat ), you may dangle your feet or...
In the Presence of the Body
Shomer for Several Days
When a person dies on Shabbat or a Jewish festival , a watcher (...
Jewish Festivals: Transportation
Non-Jew Driven Vehicle before Dark Starting Jewish Festival
You may continue riding in a car or taxi driven by a non-Jew between...
Jewish Festivals: Shacharit: Eating Before
Eating before Jewish Festival Midday
As on Shabbat , don’t fast on Jewish festivals (except Yom...
Jewish Festivals: Shacharit: Eating Before
Eating before Making Jewish Festival Kiddush
As on Shabbat , you may eat non- mezonot and non-bread food before...
Jewish Festival: Setting the Table
Jewish Festivals: Tablecloth
A tablecloth should cover the table during Jewish festival meals,...
Jewish Festivals: Shacharit: Eating Before
Women and Minimum Prayer before Jewish Festival Kiddush
The minimum prayer that a woman should say on Jewish festival ( or...
Jewish Festivals: Shacharit: Eating After
Eating Only after Jewish Festival Kiddush
As on Shabbat , once you have said the amida of Jewish festival...
Jewish Festivals: When Women Start
Jewish Festivals: When Women Start: Candle-Lighting or Sunset
As for Shabbat , Jewish festivals start for women when they light...
Jewish Festivals: Candles: Who Lights
Jewish Festivals: Candles: One Person per Home
Like Shabbat candles, Jewish festival candles should be lit only...
Jewish Festivals: Candles: When To Light
Jewish Festivals: Candles: Earliest Time To Light
You may not light  Jewish festival (or Shabbat)...
Jewish Festivals: Candles: When To Light
Jewish Festivals: Candles: Lighting Two Days
The custom is to light candles: Before sunset on the first...
Jewish Festivals: Candles: When To Light
Jewish Festivals: Candles: Lighting with Delay until Sunset
As on Shabbat , you may say “I am lighting Jewish festival...
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Havdala: Who Must Say/Hear
Men and Women Must Say/Hear Havdala
The following must each hear or say havdala for themselves:...
Jewish Festivals: Candles: Where To Light
Jewish Festivals: Candles: Dinner Location
As on Shabbat , light Jewish festival candles wherever you will eat...
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Havdala: What To Use
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Havdala: No Candle or Spices
For Jewish festival havdala , use only wine (or a substitute,...
Jewish Festivals: Candles: How Many To Light
Jewish Festivals: Candles: How Many Required To Light
As on Shabbat , wives should light two candles for Jewish festivals ,...
Jewish Festivals: Candles: How Many To Light
Jewish Festivals: Candles: Adding a Candle
Unlike on Shabbat , on Jewish festivals you do not add an extra...
Jewish Festivals: Ball Playing
Jewish Festivals and Ball Playing in Yard or Eruv
Playing ball is not forbidden on Jewish festivals , as long as the...
Jewish Festivals: Candles: How Long To Burn
Jewish Festivals: Candles: How Long Candles Must Burn
As on Shabbat , Jewish festivals candles must burn at least until...
Jewish Festivals: Candles: How To Light
Jewish Festivals: Candles: Lighting before Blessing
On the first day of Jewish festivals , both women and men may say the...
Jewish Festivals: Card Playing
Jewish Festivals: Cards If No Gambling or Melacha
Playing cards is not forbidden on Jewish festivals as long as you do...
Jewish Festivals: Card Playing
Jewish Festivals: Removing Unwanted Cards
Unlike on Shabbat , on a Jewish festival you may select ( boreir )...
Jewish Festivals: What Time Is Mincha
Jewish Festivals: Earliest Mincha
The earliest permissible time to say mincha before a ...
Introduction to Jewish Festivals: Meals
Introduction to Jewish Festival "Eating a Meal" Requirements
We are required to eat two meals on Jewish festivals , each preceded...
Jewish Festival: International Dateline
Jewish Festival: Dateline Considerations
If unsure which day to start the Jewish festival because you are...
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: Who May Make
Jewish Man or Woman Making Kiddush
Any adult Jew, male or female, may say kiddush for him/herself and, as...
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: What To Drink
Jewish Festival Night Kiddush Beverage
Wine (or grape juice) is the only drink permissible for Jewish...
Jewish Festivals: Evening Kiddush
Jewish Festivals: Evening Kiddush
To fulfill the two requirements for Jewish festival evening kiddush...
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: How Much To Pour
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: If Not Enough Wine
If there is not enough wine (or grape juice) for Jewish festival (or...
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: How Much To Pour
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: Pour Revi'it
As on Shabbat , the minimum volume of kiddush beverage on which you...
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: Cup & Wine Bottles
Uncovered Wine Bottles/Cups
You do not need to close the wine bottle or cover the other wine...
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: How Much To Drink
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: Drinking Cheekful
As on Shabbat , the minimum total volume of Jewish festival...
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: When To Speak or Drink
When You May Drink after Kiddush
You may drink your own beverage as long as: The leader (...
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: When To Speak or Drink
When You May Speak after Kiddush
You may speak, even without having drunk anything yourself, once:...
Jewish Festivals: Two Loaves (Lechem Mishneh): How To Cover
White Challa Cover Above and Below
As on Shabbat, on  Jewish festivals  you should place a...
Kadeish: How Much To Fill and Drink
Majority of the Cup/Rov Kos
The seder is the only time in the year that you must drink most of...
Jewish Festivals: Two Loaves (Lechem Mishneh): Salt
Why Dip Challa in Salt
Before eating bread (at any time, not just on Shabbat or Jewish...
Women: Shabbat
Women: Making Kiddush
For women’s obligation to make or hear Shabbat kiddush , see...
Women: Shabbat
Women: When To Make Kiddush after Candle Lighting
For when women can make kiddush after Friday night candle lighting,...
Jewish Festivals: Second Meal
How To Fulfill Eating Jewish Festival Second Meal
You must eat a second meal on Jewish festival (or Shabbat ) day...
Jewish Festivals: Ending: When They End
Jewish Festivals: When Is
Jewish festivals (and Shabbat ) end at “dark”: when...
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Before Havdala
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Before Havdala: Ata Chonantanu
As on Shabbat , if you forgot to say ata chonantanu after Jewish...
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Before Havdala
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Before Havdala: Baruch HaMavdil
Say baruch ha’mavdil bein kodesh l’chol (without saying...
Jewish Festivals: Business Ownership
Jewish Festivals: Business Ownership
A business whose sole or major owner is Jewish may not be operated on...
Jewish Festivals: Internet Business
Jewish Festivals: Internet Business
Running a business that accepts orders and payments over the internet...
Jewish Festivals: Children and Melacha
Jewish Festivals: Children and Melacha
As on Shabbat , you may not have a child, even younger than gil...
Jewish Festivals: Folding Clothes
Jewish Festivals: Folding Clothes on New Crease
You may fold clothes on Jewish festivals by making a new crease, but...
Introduction to Jewish Festivals: Medicines
Introduction to Jewish Festivals: Medicines
Jewish Festivals: Medicines: When To Take Medicine generally may not...
Amida: Errors: Tashlumin
Introduction to Amida: Errors: Tashlumin
Introduction to Missed Amida/Tashlumim If you accidentally miss any...
Torah Reading: Aliya Donation
Donation after Aliya
If you receive an aliya to the Torah on Shabbat and Jewish...
What To Use for Challa
What Is Challa
C halla refers to the two loaves of bread (or matza ) over which we...
Rosh Chodesh: Ya'aleh V'Yavo
Ya'aleh V'Yavo on Rosh Chodesh
If you forgot (or are not sure if you said) ya’aleh v’yavo...
Shabbat: How To Reheat
Heating Frozen Food
Frozen food is considered “dry” (unless it has ice crystals...
Shabbat: How To Reheat
Reheating by Covering (Hatmana)
Hatmana  is forbidden on  Shabbat  and applies to an...
Shabbat: How To Reheat
Reheating in Hot, Turned-Off Oven
Dry food that has been fully cooked before Shabbat may be heated in an...
Shabbat: How To Reheat
Reheating in Microwave Oven with Timer
On Shabbat , you may not put food in a microwave oven and have a timer...
Shabbat: How To Reheat
Reheating on Hotplate with Timer
Once Shabbat begins, you may not put food on a hotplate with a timer...
Shabbat: How To Reheat
Reheating Using a Warming Tray
On Shabbat , you may not heat food, whether liquid or solid, on a...
Shabbat: How To Reheat
Sabbath-Mode Ovens
Sabbath -mode ovens have a switch that: Keeps the light on...
Peace in the Home (Shalom Bayit)
Shalom Bayit: Non-Observant Parents and In-Laws
Ba'alei teshuva often have problems with issues of kashrut...
Lulav: Storing
Lulav: Storing: Replacing into Water
You may put the myrtle and willow branches into water after using them...
Yom Kippur: Ending
Yom Kippur: Ending: Havdala
After Yom Kippur , say the full havdala. ...
Pre-Yom Kippur: Nullifying Vows (Hatarat Nedarim )
Nullifying Vows (Hatarat Nedarim)
Hatarat nedarim (nullification of vows) should be done before Rosh...
Introduction to Fast Days
Introduction to Fast Days
Introduction to Fast Days The purpose of Jewish fast days is to...
Fast Days: Prayers
Tenth of Tevet: Friday
When Tenth of Tevet occurs on a Friday, you may not start Shabbat...
First Nine Days of Av
Nine Days: Restrictions
Restrictions during the Nine Days before Tish’a b’Av...
Pre-Prayer: Charity
Charity To Enhance Prayers
It is an enhancement of our prayers to give charity at shacharit...
Introduction to Food Nullification: Foods
Introduction to Food Nullification: Foods
Categories of Batel /Nullification Categories of nullification of...
Witnesses: Who May Testify in Jewish Court
Witnesses: Non-Observant Jew in Jewish Court
A Jew known not to observe the laws of Shabbat is not accepted as a...
Kashrut: Dairy/Meat: Leniencies for Errors
Asking a Halachic Authority about Dairy/Meat Errors
The halachic category of dairy and meat errors, while extremely...
Minyan: Amen: When 10 Men Includes Prayer Leader
Amida with Minyan but with less than Nine Men Answering
On Shabbat , even if there will not be at least nine men answering...
Minyan: Amen: When 10 Men Includes Prayer Leader
Prayer Leader of 10 Men Should Wait
A prayer service leader for a group of only 10 men including himself...
Kashrut: Wine Supervision
When No Wine Mashgiach Needed
No mashgiach is needed if: The owner of wine production and...
Kashrut: Uncooked Grape Juice/Wine
Kashrut: Open, Uncooked Wine: Drinking or Benefiting From
You may not DRINK or DERIVE ANY BENEFIT FROM open (unsealed), non-...
Kashrut: Uncooked Grape Juice/Wine
Kashrut: Open, Uncooked Wine: From When May a Non-Observant Person Not Handle?
A non-Jew or non- shomer Shabbat Jew may not handle wine (or...
What To Pray: Personal Requests: Amida
Where To Add Personal Requests in Amida
You may add personal requests to the amida on weekdays (not Shabbat...
What To Pray: Praying for Sick Person
Yehi Ratzon of Refa'einu for a Sick Person
To pray for a sick person, say the yehi ratzon inserted into the...
Cholent
Cholent
At least one hot food should be eaten at the midday meal on ...
Gefilte Fish
Gefilte Fish
Eating gefilte fish, made of fish in which bones have been removed,...
Shabbat: Kiddush: Requirements
To fulfill kiddush requirements of “establishing a meal,”...
Shabbat: Leaving the World of Work
Distracting Work on Friday Afternoon
You may not do any work or get involved in any project that might...
Shabbat: Kiddush: Who May Make
Jewish Man or Woman Making Kiddush
As on Jewish festivals , any adult Jew, male or female, may say...
Shabbat: Setting the Table
How To Cover the Challot
On Shabbat (and Jewish festivals ), you should place a white cover...
Shabbat: Kiddush: How Much To Pour
If Not Enough Wine
If there is not enough wine or grape juice for Shabbat (or Jewish...
Shabbat: Two Loaves (Lechem Mishneh): What To Use
HaMotzi: Bagels
You may use two bagels for the two Shabbat loaves ( lechem mishneh )...
Shabbat: Two Loaves (Lechem Mishneh): Whole Loaves
How Much Challa May Be Missing
Less than 1/48th missing is still considered a whole loaf. So if you...
Shabbat: Two Loaves (Lechem Mishneh): Salt
Why Dip Challa in Salt?
Before eating bread (at any time, not just on Shabbat or Jewish...
Shabbat: Early Ma'ariv
Saying Ma'ariv at Plag HaMincha
You may say ma'ariv on Friday afternoon ( erev Shabbat ) as...
Women: Public Consolation (Nichum Aveilim)
Women: Public Consolation (Nichum Aveilim)
For women and public consolation ( nichum aveilim ), see Women and...
Se'uda Shlishit: What To Eat
What To Eat for Se'uda Shlishit
Ideally, fulfill the commandment of a third meal ( se’uda...
Length/Objects
Length/Objects
1 Tefach = 4 fingers’ width = 3 ½” (8 cm) to...
Introduction to Eruv Chatzeirot for Buildings
Introduction to Eruv Chatzeirot for Buildings
On Shabbat, you may not carry items in a building (such as a...
Volume/Liquid
Volume/Liquid
1 Revi’it = Usually 3.3 fl. oz. (99 ml); but 4 fl. oz. (119 ml)...
Shabbat: Carrying (Hotza'a) and Domains
Carrying Ticket within Eruv
If an eruv includes your house and a sports field, you may carry your...
Shabbat: Carrying (Hotza'a) and Domains
If You Do Not Use the Eruv
If you do not normally carry on Shabbat even in an area with an eruv...
Shabbat: Carrying (Hotza'a) and Domains
Moving Items in Legal Public Area (Reshut HaRabim)
In a halachically public area (reshut ha'rabim ) with no eruv , on...
Shabbat: Carrying (Hotza'a) and Domains
Transferring Object from Domain to Domain
On Shabbat (or Yom Kippur) , you may not transfer an object between...
Shabbat: Carrying (Hotza'a) and Domains
Using Cane, Crutches, Wheelchair outside Eruv
You may use a cane, crutches, or a wheelchair if any of these...
Shabbat: Carrying (Hotza'a) and Domains
Wearing Collar Stays with No Eruv
You may wear collar stays on Shabbat even where there is no eruv ....
Shabbat: Carrying (Hotza'a) and Domains
Wearing Watch with No Eruv
You may not wear a non-decorative watch on Shabbat where there is no...
Shabbat: Food Ready by Sunset
Replacing Lid and Food Incompletely Cooked by Sunset
For food that is not fully cooked, you may not remove and replace the...
Shabbat: Children and Melacha
Children: Melacha
You may not have any child, even if younger than gil chinuch , do...
Shabbat: Food Heated by Non-Jew
Conditions for a Non-Jew To Put Food into Oven for a Jew
A non-Jew may put food in an oven for a Jew on Shabbat if:...
Shabbat: Food Heated by Non-Jew
If a Non-Jew Heats Food or Water for Self
If a non-Jew heats food or water on Shabbat for himself or for other...
Shabbat: Flying for Pleasure
How Much Time To Allow When Flying for Pleasure
You must not travel during any part of Shabbat if you are flying for...
Shabbat: Keys: Key Ring
Key Ring with House and Car Keys
If you keep your house key on a key ring with your car keys and you are...
Introduction: Shabbat: Muktza
Muktza by Hand
Muktza (“set aside” in one’s mind) is an item that...
Women: Time-Based Positive Commandments (Mitzvot): Obligations
Women: Time-Based Positive Commandments/Mitzvot: Obligations
In addition to prayer obligations (see Women: Minimal Prayer ), women...
Birkat HaMazon: Bread on Table
Birkat HaMazon: Replacing Bread
Place the bread back onto the table before saying birkat...
Brit Mila: Delays: Caesarean Birth
Brit Mila: Delays: Caesarean Birth
Do not delay a Shabbat brit mila until Sunday in order to...
Eruv: Porches, Awnings
Porches and Awnings as Eruv
In general, porches and awnings on the outside of a house will not...
Tish’a B’Av
Tish'a B'Av: On Saturday Night
When Tish’a B’Av begins on Saturday night, the custom is...

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