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Av melacha, pl. avot melacha (ahv mih-lah-chah,ah-voht mih-lah-chah) — lit., Head form of creative activity; category heading for each of the 39 types of creative activity (melacha) that are forbidden on Shabbat
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Saying Baruch HaMavdil
Baruch HaMavdil Bein Kodesh L'Chol To Do Melacha
After it is dark, say Baruch ha’mavdil bein kodesh l’chol...
Jewish Festivals: Non-Jews (Shabbat Goy)
Jewish Festivals: Asking a Non-Jew To Do Melacha D'Oraita
Although you may not normally tell a non-Jew to do melacha...
Shabbat: Non-Jews (Shabbat Goy)
Asking Non-Jew To Do Melacha D'Oraita
You may not ask a non-Jew to turn ON a light or turn ON heat, or...
Shabbat: Non-Jews (Shabbat Goy)
Asking Non-Jew To Do Melacha D'Rabanan
You may directly instruct or ask a non-Jew to do melacha...
Shabbat: Non-Jews (Shabbat Goy)
Hinting to a Non-Jew To Do a Melacha
You may hint or imply that you need something done in order to induce a...
Shabbat: Non-Jews (Shabbat Goy)
Non-Jews: Melacha Bein HaShmashot
You may tell a non-Jew to do melacha for Oneg Shabbat . 
Jewish Festivals: Card Playing
Jewish Festivals: Cards If No Gambling or Melacha
Playing cards is not forbidden on Jewish festivals as long as you do...
Jewish Festivals: Children and Melacha
Jewish Festivals: Children and Melacha
As on Shabbat , you may not have a child, even younger than gil...
Shabbat: Children and Melacha
Children: Melacha
You may not have any child, even if younger than gil chinuch , do...
Yom Kippur: When To Start
Yom Kippur: Delaying Start Past Candle Lighting
Lighting the candles starts the holiday of Yom Kippur .  If you...
When Shabbat Ends/Motza'ei Shabbat
How Long between Sunset and Dark
Some communities end Shabbat 42 minutes after sunset, which is when...
Saying Baruch HaMavdil
Baruch HaMavdil... and Birkat HaMazon at Third Meal
Situation You washed your hands, said  ha’motzi,...
Shabbat: Grinding (Tochein)
Grinding on Shabbat: How Finely You May Grind
You may not grind, grate, or even finely chop or dice food on Shabbat ....
Shabbat: Kneading (Lash)
Shabbat: Mixing Soft Foods
Mixing tuna and mayonnaise and or other soft or mushy foods is permitted...
Jewish Festivals: Grinding
Grinding on Jewish Festivals: How Finely You May Grind
You may not grind, grate, or even finely chop or dice food on ...
Jewish Festivals: Selecting/Boreir
Introduction to Jewish Festivals: Selecting/Boreir
Issues of boreir are almost always d’oraita , not...
Rosh Hashana: End
Rosh Hashana: End: Baruch HaMavdil Bein Kodesh L'Chol and Birkat HaMazon
Saying Baruch ha’mavdil bein kodesh l’chol after dark at...
Jewish Festivals: Doors
Jewish Festivals: Replacing Doors
You may not replace a door on its hinges and you may not replace a...
Shabbat: Doors
Shabbat: Replacing Doors
Due to the melacha of boneh (building), on Shabbat you may not...
Jewish Festivals: Exercise
Jewish Festivals: Strengthening
You may not exercise on Jewish festivals to strengthen your body....
Shabbat: Exercise
Shabbat: Strengthening Exercise
You may not exercise on Shabbat to strengthen your body. You may...
Jewish Festivals: Mail and Periodicals
Jewish Festivals: Bringing Mail inside House
Do not bring mail inside the house on Jewish festivals , unless it...
Shabbat: Mail and Periodicals
Shabbat: Bringing Mail inside House
Do not bring mail inside the house on Shabbat, unless it was...
Jewish Festivals: Talking
Jewish Festivals: Talking about Weekday Subjects
You may talk about weekday subjects on Jewish festivals if...
Shabbat: Talking
Shabbat: Talking about Weekday Subjects
You may talk about weekday subjects on Shabbat if what you are...
Jewish Festival: One Day or Two
Jewish Festival: One Day or Two
Outside of Eretz Yisrael , Jewish festivals are observed for two...
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Before Havdala
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Before Havdala: Baruch HaMavdil
Say baruch ha’mavdil bein kodesh l’chol (without saying...
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Before Havdala
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Before Havdala: Baruch HaMavdil and Birkat HaMazon
Saying Baruch ha’mavdil bein kodesh l’chol after dark at...
Shabbat: IDL and Region of Safek/Doubt
Introduction to Shabbat, IDL, and Region of Safek/Doubt
The International Dateline (IDL), which is 180 degrees away from...
Gefilte Fish
Gefilte Fish
Eating gefilte fish, made of fish in which bones have been removed,...
When To Leave by Airplane before Shabbat
Flying before Shabbat for Business
You may leave until sunset on Friday if you are flying for business, but...
Shabbat: Flying for Business
Flying through Shabbat for Business
If you fly through Shabbat (permitted for business only), you must...
Shabbat: Cars/Vehicles
Shabbat: Riding with Non-Jewish Driver
You may ride in a vehicle with a non-Jewish driver on Shabbat only if:...
Shabbat: Card Playing
Shabbat: Card Playing
Playing cards is not forbidden on Shabbat as long as you do not gamble...

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