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Havdala (hahv-dah-lah) — lit., Separation; ceremony ending Shabbat and Jewish festivals
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Eating before Havdala
Eating/Drinking before Havdala
You should not eat or drink from sunset (or from the time you finish...
Introduction to Havdala
Introduction to Havdala
Havdala is said after Shabbat , Jewish festivals , Rosh Hashana...
Havdala: Requirements
To Fulfill Havdala Requirements
To fulfill the requirement for havdala , each person (not only the...
Havdala: When To Say
Waking Up for Ma'ariv and Havdala...
If you went to sleep before sunset on Saturday and planned to wake up...
Havdala: When To Say
When To Say Havdala
B’di’avad, havdala after Shabbat may be said day or...
Havdala: Who Should Make/Hear
Who May Make Havdala
Any Jew, male (13 years old or more) or female (12 years old or more),...
Havdala: Who Should Make/Hear
Who Must Hear or Make Havdala
Men and boys older than 13 years old and women and girls older than 12...
Havdala: Beverage
Drops of Havdala Wine above Eyes or in Pockets
Putting drops of havdala wine above your eyes or in your pockets is a...
Havdala: Beverage
Havdala Beverage: Standing or Sitting
Sitting or standing while drinking wine from havdala (or kiddush) is...
Havdala: Beverage
Havdala: Who Drinks the Beverage
For men : No one should drink the havdala beverage except the person...
Havdala: Beverage
How Much Havdala Beverage To Drink
To be able to say the after-blessing, you must drink at least 4 fl. oz....
Havdala: Beverage
How To Fill the Havdala Cup
For havdala , pour at least a revi’it (4 fl. oz., or 119 ml)...
Havdala: Beverage
How To Hold the Havdala Cup (and Spices)
Hold the havdala wine (or other beverage) in right hand when saying...
Havdala: Beverage
Which Havdala Beverage
Wine or grape juice is the preferred beverage for havdala, but any...
Havdala: Spices (Besamim)
Havdala Spices Only on Saturday Night
The only havdala for which we use spices and candle is Saturday night....
Havdala: Spices (Besamim)
How Many Spices To Use for Havdala
Only one spice is needed for the spice blessing for havdala , even...
Havdala: Spices (Besamim)
What To Use for Havdala
You may use any nice-smelling substance for havdala “ besamim...
Havdala: Candle
Using a Light Bulb for Havdala
A clear incandescent light bulb may be used for havdala if necessary...
Havdala: Final Blessing
Havdala: Final Blessing
The normal havdala ending blessing is Baruch ha’mavdil bein...
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Havdala: When To Say
Jewish Festival Havdala at Night or Next Day
Say Jewish festival havdala at night.  If this is impossible,...
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Havdala: Who Must Say/Hear
Men and Women Must Say/Hear Havdala
The following must each hear or say havdala for themselves:...
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Havdala: What To Use
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Havdala: Beverage
Wine or grape juice is the preferred beverage for havdala, but you may...
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Havdala: What To Use
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Havdala: Filling the Cup
You must pour at least 4 fl. oz. (119 ml--a revi’it ) of wine or...
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Havdala: What To Use
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Havdala: How Much To Drink
To fulfill the commandment of havdala (or kiddush ), the person...
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Havdala: What To Use
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Havdala: No Candle or Spices
For Jewish festival havdala , use only wine (or a substitute,...
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Havdala: What To Use
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Havdala: Who Drinks the Beverage
For men: No one should drink the havdala beverage except the...
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Havdala: Standing or Sitting
Havdala Standing or Sitting
Sitting or standing while drinking havdala (or kiddush) beverage is...
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Before Havdala
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Before Havdala: Ata Chonantanu
As on Shabbat , if you forgot to say ata chonantanu after Jewish...
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Before Havdala
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Before Havdala: Baruch HaMavdil
Say baruch ha’mavdil bein kodesh l’chol (without saying...
Yom Kippur: Ending
Yom Kippur: Ending: Havdala
After Yom Kippur , say the full havdala. ...
Women: Jewish Festival Havdala
Women: Jewish Festival Havdala
For women and saying/hearing Jewish festival havdala , see Baruch...
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Before Havdala
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Before Havdala: Baruch HaMavdil and Birkat HaMazon
Saying Baruch ha’mavdil bein kodesh l’chol after dark at...
Eating before Havdala
Forgetting Ata Chonantanu
If you forgot to say ata chonantanu after Shabbat ( or Jewish...
Introduction to Shabbat
Goal of Creation
Shabbat was the goal of Creation. Just as God completed the...
Introduction to Holidays/Jewish Festivals
Introduction to Holidays/Jewish Festivals/Chagim/Yom Tov
Jewish Festivals are listed in the Torah and are of two types: ...
Saying Baruch HaMavdil
Baruch HaMavdil Bein Kodesh L'Chol To Do Melacha
After it is dark, say Baruch ha’mavdil bein kodesh l’chol...
Sukka: Blessings
Sukka: Blessings: When To Say
Do not say the blessing leisheiv ba’sukka except when you will...
Hidur Mitzva/Mehadrin
Hidur Mitzva/Mehadrin
Almost all mitzvot may be enhanced by: Making them...
Havdala: Spices (Besamim)
How To Hold the Spices
For how to hold the spices, see How To Hold the Havdala Cup (and Spices)
Jewish Festivals: Separating Challa
Jewish Festivals: Challa Not Separated before Festival
On Jewish festivals , you may not separate challa from loaves baked...
Havdala: Candle
Holding Hands Up to the Light
Holding fingers toward the havdala candle flame is a non-binding...
Havdala: Candle
Using Two Wicks To Fulfill Borei Me'orei HaEish
To fulfill the havdala candle blessing borei me’orei...
Nida/Taharat HaMishpacha
Four Most Common Nida Questions
  What Makes a Woman a Nida  ...
Separating the Challa Portion
Separating Challa after Baking
You may separate  challa  after baking (on weekdays only) if...
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: What To Drink
Ideal Kiddush Beverage: Wine/Grape Juice
Wine (or grape juice) is the ideal and proper beverage for kiddush...
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: How Much To Pour
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: If Not Enough Wine
If there is not enough wine (or grape juice) for Jewish festival (or...
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: How Much To Pour
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: Pour Revi'it
As on Shabbat , the minimum volume of kiddush beverage on which you...
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: Standing or Sitting
Kiddush Standing or Sitting
Standing or sitting while drinking wine or other beverage for kiddush...
Jewish Festivals: Daytime Kiddush
Jewish Festivals: Daytime Kiddush
To fulfill the two requirements for Jewish festival daytime kiddush...
First Nine Days of Av
Nine Days: Restrictions
Restrictions during the Nine Days before Tish’a b’Av...
Shabbat: Kiddush: What To Drink
Ideal Kiddush Beverage: Wine/Grape Juice
Wine (or grape juice) is the ideal and proper beverage for kiddush...
Shabbat: Kiddush: How Much To Pour
If Not Enough Wine
If there is not enough wine or grape juice for Shabbat (or Jewish...
Shabbat: Kiddush: How Much To Pour
Pour Revi'it for Shabbat Kiddush
As on Jewish festivals , the minimum volume of kiddush beverage on...
Shabbat Kiddush: Standing or Sitting
Shabbat: Kiddush: Standing or Sitting
Various customs apply to whether to stand or sit during  kiddush...
Se'uda Shlishit: Birkat HaMazon
Wine from Se'uda Shlishit Birkat HaMazon
If you recite birkat ha’mazon after se’uda shlishit...
Shabbat: Lunch: How To Do Kiddush
How To Do Shabbat Daytime Kiddush
There are two requirements for  Shabbat  daytime...
Women: Time-Based Positive Commandments (Mitzvot): Obligations
Women: Time-Based Positive Commandments/Mitzvot: Obligations
In addition to prayer obligations (see Women: Minimal Prayer ), women...
Tish’a B’Av
Tish'a B'Av: On Saturday Night
When Tish’a B’Av begins on Saturday night, the custom is...

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