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Shemoneh esrei (shmoh-neh ehs-ray) — The main, 19-blessing (on weekdays) prayer, said three times a day, standing
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What To Pray: Set Prayers: Amida: Pre-Prayer
Amida: Bathroom Needs
If you need to use the toilet, you may not say the amida. Note...
What To Pray: Set Prayers: Amida: Pre-Prayer
Amida: Intention/Concentration (Kavana)
When saying any amida , concentrate (at least for the first blessing)...
Introduction: Amida: Errors: Amida Additions
Introduction: Amida: Errors: Amida Additions
If you forgot to say, or incorrectly said, a phrase in the amida , you...
Amida Errors: Mashiv HaRuach
Amida Errors: Mashiv HaRuach
What: Mashiv HaRuach Where: Amida 2 nd paragraph Error:  ...
Amida Errors: Mashiv HaRuach
Introduction to Amida Errors: Mashiv HaRuach
Saying the seasonal addition to the  amida  of  mashiv...
Amida Errors: HaEl HaKadosh
Amida Errors: HaEl HaKadosh
What: Ha'el ha'kadosh Where: Amida 3 rd paragraph...
What To Pray: Set Prayers: Amida: Volume
Amida Phrases That Are Never Said Aloud
These phrases are never said aloud, not in the personal amida and not...
What To Pray: Set Prayers: Amida: Volume
How Loud To Say the Amida
Whisper the individual amida so that you can just hear yourself but...
Amida Errors: Tein Bracha/Tein Tal U'Matar L'vracha
Amida Errors: Tein Bracha/Tein Tal U'Matar L'Vracha
Outside of Eretz Yisrael , begin saying Tein tal u'matar...
Amida Errors: Ya'aleh V'Yavo
Amida Errors: Ya'aleh V'Yavo
Situation You forgot to say  ya'aleh v'yavo...
When To Pray: Shacharit: Shemoneh Esrei/Amida
When To Say Morning Amida
Say the morning amida by the first third of the day (by the 4 th...
Ten Days of Repentance
Forgetting Amida Additions for Ten Days of Repentance
If you forget a change or addition to the amida during the 10 Days...
Talit Gadol: When To Wear
Talit Gadol: Amida
A talit is required only when saying the amida prayer, but the...
Talit Gadol: When To Wear
Talit Gadol: Prayer Leader during Amida Repetition
A prayer leader should be especially careful to cover his head when...
Talit Gadol: Blessing
Talit Gadol: Blessing between Bar'chu and Amida
Situation You began shacharit on your way to synagogue and are...
Finishing Amida before Kedusha
Finishing Amida before Leader Says Kedusha
If you arrive late for any minyan (except ma'ariv ) that is about...
Shacharit: Shema: When To Say Shema
Earliest Time for Shema (and Amida)
Earliest time to say shema and amida is 72 minutes before sunrise,...
Amida: Location: Changing
Amida: Location: Moving Away
You may not move from where you began saying the amida until you...
Amida: Location: Near Someone Praying
Amida: Someone Praying
Don’t cross within 7 feet (4 amot , or 2.1 m) in front of someone...
Amida: Actions: Standing
Amida: Standing Up
Stand up when saying the amida. Unless you are not able to stand...
Amida: Actions: Standing
Amida: Standing with Feet Together
Stand with your feet together to resemble the angels, who only have one...
Amida: Actions: Sitting
Amida: Sitting for Concentration
You may sit during the amida (and other standing prayers) to avoid...
Amida: Actions: Stepping
Amida Actions: Steps Before and After
Stepping To Begin the  Amida After...
Amida: Errors: Tashlumin
Introduction to Amida: Errors: Tashlumin
Introduction to Missed Amida/Tashlumim If you accidentally miss any...
Amida: Reader's Repetition: Beginning
Standing for Reader's Repetition of Amida
Ashkenazim commonly stand for the entire reader’s repetition of...
Amida: Reader's Repetition: Replying
Replying during Your Private Amida
If you have finished the amida’s yihiyu l’ratzon (but...
Amida: Reader's Repetition: Priestly Blessing (Birkat Cohanim)
Birkat Cohanim: Pausing in Private Amida
When the priests/ cohanim begin the Priestly Blessing ( birkat...
Pre-Prayer: Attire
Attire for Amida
The minimum attire required for men and women to say the amida is to...
Pre-Prayer: Washing Hands
Washing Hands before Prayer Service with Amida
You should wash your hands, even if they are not dirty, before saying...
Minyan: Amen: When To Interrupt Your Prayer
Interrupting Your Amida To Say Amen
When saying the amida yourself, do not say amen or any other replies...
Minyan: Amen: When 10 Men Includes Prayer Leader
Amida with Minyan but with less than Nine Men Answering
On Shabbat , even if there will not be at least nine men answering...
How To Pray: Actions: Bowing-Like Activities
Bending Down during Amida To Pull Up Socks,...
You may bend down during the amida to slide up your socks, scratch...
What To Pray: Personal Requests: Amida
Where To Add Personal Requests in Amida
You may add personal requests to the amida on weekdays (not Shabbat...
Attire: Blessings/Torah/Prayer
Attire: Amida
See Attire for Amida .
Amida: Location: Near Someone Praying
Amida: Someone Blocking the Way while Praying
You may walk in front of someone who is praying in a doorway or...
Amida: Actions: Stepping
Amida Actions: Stepping Before Kedusha
You do not need to take three steps forward (or any steps at all!)...
Set Prayers: Ma'ariv
Halachot of Ma'ariv Amida
See What To Pray: Set Prayers: Amida .  
Amida Errors: Sim Shalom
Amida Errors: Sim Shalom
Situation It is mincha for a fast day and you said shalom rav...
What To Pray: Set Prayers: Amida: With Whom To Pray
Amida: With Whom To Pray
Say shemoneh esrei ( amida ) with a minyan —ideally starting...
Eating before Havdala
Forgetting Ata Chonantanu
If you forgot to say ata chonantanu after Shabbat ( or Jewish...
Introduction to Avinu Malkeinu to Psalms
Introduction to Avinu Malkeinu to Psalms
It was not traditional for women or girls to say any of...
Introduction to Morning Prayers/Shacharit (Weekday): Order of Prayers
Introduction to Morning Prayers/Shacharit (Weekday): Order of Prayers
Here is a typical order of waking/morning prayers for weekdays (many...
Grammar
VaYanuchu Vah
Say v a’yanuchu “ vah ” in the Shabbat amida for...
When To Pray: Shacharit: What Time To Begin
Introduction: Shacharit: When To Begin
B’di’avad , you can say shema and amida as early as 72...
Avinu Malkeinu
When To Say Avinu Malkeinu
Say avinu malkeinu , even if you are praying by yourself, after...
Saying Baruch HaMavdil
Baruch HaMavdil Bein Kodesh L'Chol To Do Melacha
After it is dark, say Baruch ha’mavdil bein kodesh l’chol...
When To Pray: Shacharit: What Time To Finish
When To Pray: Shacharit: What Time To Finish
You must say the shema no later than the end of the third...
Women: Ya’aleh V’Yavo
Women: Ya'aleh V'Yavo
If a girl age 12 or up or a woman forgets to say ya’aleh...
Tum'a: Cemetery
Cemetery Blessings
Once inside a cemetery, after not having been in one for at least...
Rosh Hashana: Shofar
Rosh Hashana: How Many Shofar Blasts To Hear
Men are required to hear at least 60 shofar blasts on Rosh Hashana...
Women: Minimum to Pray
Women: Minimum to Pray
The minimum amount of prayer that women and girls 12 years old and up...
U'Va L'Tzion
Kadosh in U'Va L'Tzion with the Minyan
Say kadosh three times in u’va l’tzion together with...
Ga'al Yisrael/ HaMelech Bi'Chvodo
Saying Ga'al Yisrael with Leader or Amen
The prayer leader should say out loud the blessing preceding the amida...
When To Pray: Shacharit: L'Olam Yihei Adam
When To Say Baruch She'Amar
After the fourth halachic hour, unless in extreme circumstances,...
What To Pray: Set Prayers: Amida: Interruptions
Responding to Prayer Leader before Elohai Netzur
Situation You have finished saying the final amida blessing...
Havdala: When To Say
Waking Up for Ma'ariv and Havdala...
If you went to sleep before sunset on Saturday and planned to wake up...
What To Pray: Set Prayers: Amida: Ambiguities
Tein Bracha If in Eretz Yisrael Cheshvan 7/Dec. 4
If you are in Eretz Yisrael between Cheshvan 7 (when people in...
Psalms/Tehilim
Concluding Tehilim with Yehi Ratzon of Refa'einu
If you say Psalms/ tehilim for a sick person, you should conclude with...
Introduction to Blessings (Brachot)
Introduction to Blessings/Brachot
Blessings as Thanks We say blessings as thanks to God for the...
Shmini Atzeret
Introduction to Shmini Atzeret/Simchat Torah
Timing In Eretz Yisrael , Shmini Atzeret and Simchat...
Talit Gadol: Why
Talit Gadol: Humility
When a person speaks directly to God, it is very important to...
Blessings: Doubt (Safek) Whether You Said
If Doubt Whether You Said Blessings on Torah Study
If you are not certain that you have said any of the morning blessings...
Blessings: How Many To Say
100 Blessings on Shabbat and Jewish Festivals
On Shabbat and some Jewish festivals , you might want to fulfill...
Jewish Festivals: Shacharit: Eating After
Eating Only after Jewish Festival Kiddush
As on Shabbat , once you have said the amida of Jewish festival...
SIDDUR GUIDE: How To Pray in Synagogue
Introduction to How To Pray in Synagogue
The synagogue ( shul ) prayer service may confuse the unfamiliar....
Jewish Festivals: Musaf: Additions for Sacrifices
Jewish Festivals: Musaf: Additions for Sacrifices: Sukkot
In the amida of musaf for Sukkot , there is a different line added...
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Before Havdala
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Before Havdala: Ata Chonantanu
As on Shabbat , if you forgot to say ata chonantanu after Jewish...
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Before Havdala
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Before Havdala: Baruch HaMavdil
Say baruch ha’mavdil bein kodesh l’chol (without saying...
Tefilin: Removing
Tefilin: Removing: Earliest Time
The earliest time to remove tefilin on normal weekdays is after saying...
When To Pause or Join Minyan
When To Pause or Join Minyan: General Prayer Services
Here is when to pause or join the minyan during general prayer...
When To Pause or Join Minyan
When To Pause or Join Minyan: Ma'ariv
If the ma’ariv minyan says shema , you must join them for the...
When To Pause or Join Minyan
When To Pause or Join Minyan: Mincha
During mincha , don’t pause at all (such as for kedusha or...
When To Pause or Join Minyan
When To Pause or Join Minyan: Regular Shacharit
Shema When the minyan reaches the shema in shacharit:...
When To Pause or Join Minyan
When To Pause or Join Minyan: Shabbat/Jewish Festival Shacharit
If the leader gets to kedusha on Shabbat or Jewish festival...
Amida: Location: Where To Face
When To Face Jerusalem
Face toward Jerusalem when saying the amida . Note You may not...
Amida: Reader's Repetition: Beginning
Adonai Sifatai by Prayer Leader
The prayer leader should say Adonai sifatai … quietly before...
Rosh Chodesh: Ya'aleh V'Yavo
Ya'aleh V'Yavo on Rosh Chodesh
If you forgot (or are not sure if you said) ya’aleh v’yavo...
Pre-Prayer: Mental Preparation
Introduction to Mental Preparation for Praying
Before saying blessings, but especially before saying any of the prayer...
Pre-Prayer: Attire
Praying in Bare Feet on Stone Floor
You may pray in bare feet on any type of floor, even a stone floor,...
Tefilin: Replacing
Tefilin: Replacing: Tefilin You Had To Take Off or That Fell Off
If you take off your tefilin because you have to, such as to go to the...
Tefilin: Replacing
Tefilin: Replacing: Tefilin You Took Off by Choice
If you take off your tefilin without being required to do so and with...
Set Prayers: Ma'ariv
Saying HaMelech BiChvodo with Prayer Leader
As with the blessing ga’al yisrael in shacharit , the prayer...
Minyan: Keeping Pace: Shacharit Minyan
If Arrive Late on Shabbat or Jewish Festival Morning
If you are late to minyan on Shabbat (or Jewish festival)...
Minyan: Keeping Pace: Shacharit Minyan
What To Skip To Catch Up in Shacharit
If you arrive late for a shacharit minyan , or if you are lagging...
How To Pray: Actions: Bowing: Direction
When To Bow toward Jerusalem
Normally, when saying the amida , or bowing at any other prayers such...
How To Pray: Actions: Bowing: Two Main Types
Waist-Bowing and Knee-Bowing
There are two main types of bowing during the prayer services: ...
How To Pray: Actions: Bowing: In Front of Animals and Mirrors
Bowing If Animal in Front of You
You may not bow down, as during the amida , if an animal is in front of...
How To Pray: Actions: Bowing: In Front of Animals and Mirrors
Mirror or Picture of People in Front of You
Don’t face a mirror or picture of people when saying amida or...
Baby Care or Prayer
When You May Nurse a Baby while Praying
If a baby is clean, a woman may nurse a baby while reading Psalms ,...
With Whom To Pray: Which Prayers Require a Quorum (Minyan)
Prayers that Require a Minyan
Although it is preferable to join a minyan whenever possible, prayer...
Where To Pray: Distracting Attire
Husband's Prayer near Wife
A husband may say shema and the amida (and study Torah ) in his...
Where To Pray: Distracting Attire
Women's Prayer near Immodestly Dressed People
A woman may say blessings or prayers around men who are not completely...
Where To Pray: Distracting Smell
Prayer near Animal
You may say blessings, the shema , and even the amida if you are near...
How To Pray: Volume
Saying Prayers Out Loud
Say prayers (and blessings) out loud, but not overly loud, in order to...
What To Pray: Praying for Sick Person
Yehi Ratzon of Refa'einu for a Sick Person
To pray for a sick person, say the yehi ratzon inserted into the...
Eating after Shabbat Shacharit
Eating Only after Fulfilling Shabbat Kiddush Requirements
Once you have said the amida of Shabbat shacharit , you may not eat...

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