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Kiddush (kee-doosh) — Series of blessings and verses said over a cup of wine to begin Shabbat and Jewish festivals
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Rosh Hashana: Prayers: What Time To Start
Rosh Hashana: Prayers: What Time To Start: Ma'ariv and Kiddush
Ma’ariv and evening kiddush for Rosh Hashana  are...
Yom Kippur: If You Must Eat
Yom Kippur: No Kiddush If You Must Eat
If you must eat on Yom Kippur (for health reasons), do not make...
Shloshim: Kiddush
Kiddush Club during Shloshim
A mourner during shloshim (or the rest of the mourner's year)...
Eating before Kiddush
Eating from Start of Jewish Festival until Kiddush
Once the Jewish festival begins for you—either at sunset or...
Shmini Atzeret
Shmini Atzeret/Simchat Torah: What Time To Start: Ma'ariv and Kiddush
Ma’ariv on Shmini Atzeret and on Simchat Torah may be...
Kiddush Levana: What To See
Kiddush Levana: What To See: How Clear the Moon
You do not need to see the moon completely clearly in order to say...
Kiddush Levana: When To Say
Kiddush Levana: When To Say: Custom not To Say
It is customary not to say kiddush levana: During the...
Kiddush Levana: When To Say
Kiddush Levana: When To Say: Molad
Although the traditional time to say kiddush levana is after...
Kiddush Levana: When To Say
Kiddush Levana: When To Say: Shabbat
You may say kiddush levana on Shabbat, if needed ....
Kiddush Levana: When To Say
Kiddush Levana: When To Say: When No Dark
At the high latitudes, you may say kiddush levana during any season...
Kiddush Levana: Who Says
Kiddush Levana: Minyan
You do not need a minyan to say kiddush levana .
Kiddush Levana: What To Say
Kiddush Levana: Minimum Blessing
The minimum you may say of kiddush levana and fulfill the mitzva...
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: Borei Pri HaGafen after Drinking Kiddush Wine
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: Borei Pri HaGafen after Drinking Kiddush Wine and Hesech Da'at
If you said or heard the blessing borei pri ha’gafen , finished...
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: Borei Pri HaGafen after Drinking Kiddush Wine
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: Drinking Kiddush Wine and then Drinking Later in Meal
If you drank any amount of kiddush wine (or grape juice), you do not...
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: Borei Pri HaGafen after Drinking Kiddush Wine
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: Making New Kiddush after Drinking Kiddush Wine
To say borei pri ha’gafen as a new kiddush on the same wine,...
Jewish Festivals: Eating Before
Eating before Hearing Jewish Festival Evening Kiddush
See Eating from Start of Jewish Festival until Kiddush .  
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: Borei Pri HaGafen after Not Drinking Kiddush Wine
Jewish Festivals: Borei Pri HaGafen after Not Drinking Kiddush Wine
You must say borei pri ha’gafen if you want to drink wine (or...
Jewish Festivals: Shacharit: Eating Before
Eating before Making Jewish Festival Kiddush
As on Shabbat , you may eat non- mezonot and non-bread food before...
Jewish Festivals: Shacharit: Eating Before
Women and Minimum Prayer before Jewish Festival Kiddush
The minimum prayer that a woman should say on Jewish festival ( or...
Jewish Festivals: Shacharit: Eating After
Eating Only after Jewish Festival Kiddush
As on Shabbat , once you have said the amida of Jewish festival...
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: Who May Make
Jewish Man or Woman Making Kiddush
Any adult Jew, male or female, may say kiddush for him/herself and, as...
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: What To Drink
Ideal Kiddush Beverage: Wine/Grape Juice
Wine (or grape juice) is the ideal and proper beverage for kiddush...
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: What To Drink
Jewish Festival Night Kiddush Beverage
Wine (or grape juice) is the only drink permissible for Jewish...
Jewish Festivals: Evening Kiddush
Jewish Festivals: Evening Kiddush
To fulfill the two requirements for Jewish festival evening kiddush...
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: How Much To Pour
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: Challot for Kiddush
To use two challot for kiddush instead of wine: Wash...
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: How Much To Pour
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: How High To Fill the Cup
Ideally, fill your kiddush cup to just above the rim, even if the cup...
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: How Much To Pour
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: If Not Enough Wine
If there is not enough wine (or grape juice) for Jewish festival (or...
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: How Much To Pour
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: Pour Revi'it
As on Shabbat , the minimum volume of kiddush beverage on which you...
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: Cup & Wine Bottles
Your Own Kiddush Cup
If you want to drink kiddush wine, you may either hold your own cup of...
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: How Much To Drink
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: Drinking Cheekful
As on Shabbat , the minimum total volume of Jewish festival...
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: When To Speak or Drink
When You May Drink after Kiddush
You may drink your own beverage as long as: The leader (...
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: When To Speak or Drink
When You May Speak after Kiddush
You may speak, even without having drunk anything yourself, once:...
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: Standing or Sitting
Kiddush Standing or Sitting
Standing or sitting while drinking wine or other beverage for kiddush...
Kadeish: Making Kiddush
Passover Kiddush
Passover , like all Jewish festivals , is differentiated from...
Women: Shabbat
Women: Making Kiddush
For women’s obligation to make or hear Shabbat kiddush , see...
Women: Shabbat
Women: Minimum Prayer before Saying Shabbat Kiddush
For women’s minimum obligation to pray before saying Shabbat...
Women: Shabbat
Women: When To Make Kiddush after Candle Lighting
For when women can make kiddush after Friday night candle lighting,...
Jewish Festivals: Daytime Kiddush
Jewish Festivals: Daytime Kiddush
To fulfill the two requirements for Jewish festival daytime kiddush...
Rosh Hashana: Evening Kiddush: Fruit for SheHecheyanu on Second Night
Rosh Hashana: Evening Kiddush: New Fruit for SheHecheyanu on Second Night
Place a “new” fruit--over which you may say...
Sukkot: Prayers: What Time To Start
Sukkot: Prayers: What Time To Start: Ma'ariv and Kiddush
Ma’ariv on both nights of Sukkot may be said from 1...
First Nine Days of Av
Nine Days: Kiddush Levana
If you are not likely to see the moon on any of the days from the 10th...
Shabbat: Kiddush: Requirements
Shabbat: Kiddush: Requirements
To do Shabbat kiddush, Say, or hear, the Shabbat kiddush...
Shabbat: Kiddush: Who May Make
Jewish Man or Woman Making Kiddush
As on Jewish festivals , any adult Jew, male or female, may say...
Shabbat: Kiddush: What To Drink
Ideal Kiddush Beverage: Wine/Grape Juice
Wine (or grape juice) is the ideal and proper beverage for kiddush...
Shabbat: Kiddush: How Much To Pour
How High To Fill Shabbat Kiddush Cup
Ideally, fill your kiddush cup to just above the rim, even if the cup...
Shabbat: Kiddush: How Much To Pour
Pour Revi'it for Shabbat Kiddush
As on Jewish festivals , the minimum volume of kiddush beverage on...
Shabbat: Eating Before
Eating before Hearing Shabbat Evening Kiddush
See Eating from Start of Shabbat until Kiddush .  
Shabbat: Kiddush: Cup & Wine Bottles
Shabbat: Your Own Kiddush Cup
As on Jewish festivals , if you want to drink kiddush wine, you may...
Shabbat: Kiddush: How Much To Drink
Drinking Cheekful for Shabbat Kiddush
As on Jewish festivals , the minimum total volume of Shabbat...
Shabbat: Kiddush: When To Speak or Drink
When To Drink or Speak after Kiddush
Once the leader ( mevareich ) has said kiddush for other people and...
Shabbat: Kiddush: When To Bless after Kiddush
When You Must Say the Kiddush Blessing after Hearing Kiddush
You must say the blessing on wine if you: Heard kiddush ,...
Shabbat Kiddush: Standing or Sitting
Shabbat: Kiddush: Standing or Sitting
Various customs apply to whether to stand or sit during  kiddush...
Women: Kiddush Levana
Women: Kiddush Levana
For women and kiddush levana , see Kiddush Levana: Women ....
Shabbat: Dinner: Eating before Kiddush
Eating from Start of Shabbat until Kiddush
 Once Shabbat begins for you—either at sunset or before...
Shabbat: Dinner: How To Do Kiddush
Challot for Evening Kiddush
To use two challot for kiddush instead of wine: Wash...
Shabbat: Dinner: How To Do Kiddush
How To Do Shabbat Evening Kiddush
To fulfill the two requirements for Shabbat evening kiddush :...
Shabbat: Dinner: How To Do Kiddush
What To Drink for Shabbat Dinner Kiddush
Wine (or grape juice) is the only drink permissible for Friday evening...
Eating before Shabbat Shacharit
Eating before Making Shabbat Kiddush
You may eat non- mezonot and non-bread food before praying Shabbat...
Eating before Shabbat Shacharit
Women and Minimum Prayer before Saying Shabbat Kiddush
The minimum prayer that a woman should say on Shabbat (or Jewish...
Eating after Shabbat Shacharit
Eating Only after Fulfilling Shabbat Kiddush Requirements
Once you have said the amida of Shabbat shacharit , you may not eat...
Shabbat: Lunch: How To Do Kiddush
How To Do Shabbat Daytime Kiddush
There are two requirements for  Shabbat  daytime...
Women: Jewish Festival Kiddush
Women: Minimum Prayer before Jewish Festival Kiddush
For women and minimum prayer before eating prior to Jewish festival...
Women: Jewish Festival Kiddush
Women: Who May Make Kiddush
For women’s obligation to say or hear Jewish festival morning...
Introduction to Kiddush Levana
Introduction to Kiddush Levana: Thanksgiving
Kiddush levana expresses our thanks to God for having made the moon,...
Kiddush Levana: When To Say
Kiddush Levana: When To Say: Night
You may say k iddush levana (blessing on the new moon) only at night,...
Kiddush Levana: Who Says
Kiddush Levana: Women
Women do not say kiddush levana .
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: How Much To Pour
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: Diluting Wine
There is no need to dilute wine before drinking it.
Shabbat: Kiddush: What To Drink
Diluting Kiddush Wine
There is no need to dilute wine before drinking it.
Introduction to Shabbat
Goal of Creation
Shabbat was the goal of Creation. Just as God completed the...
Introduction to Holidays/Jewish Festivals
Introduction to Holidays/Jewish Festivals/Chagim/Yom Tov
Jewish Festivals are listed in the Torah and are of two types: ...
Introduction to Mourning
Introduction to Mourning
Who Is a Mourner A mourner is defined in halacha as someone...
Introduction to Shabbat: Meals
Introduction to Shabbat: Meals
Three Shabbat Meals We are required to eat three Shabbat meals, as...
Introduction to What Is Halacha
Introduction to What Is Halacha
“ Be holy because I, the Lord your God, am holy.”...
After-Blessings (Bracha Achrona): Minimum Measurements
Introduction to After-Blessings (Bracha Achrona): Minimum Measurements
To say any after-blessing/ bracha achrona ( al ha’michya , al...
Fore-Blessing (Bracha Rishona): Food Categories
One Fore-Blessing (Bracha Rishona) per Food Category
Your fore-blessing covers all other same-category foods that you will...
Sukka: Blessings
Sukka: Blessings: When To Say
Do not say the blessing leisheiv ba’sukka except when you will...
Sukka: Blessings
Sukkot: Blessings: SheHecheyanu
First Night: Say she’hecheyanu after saying leisheiv...
Sukka: Blessings
Sukkot: When To Say Leisheiv BaSukka
When you sit down in a sukka, only say the blessing leisheiv...
Clerical Errors
Clerical Errors and Non-Jewish Business
If a non-Jewish business makes a mistake in your favor, it is considered...
Rosh Hashana: Symbolic Foods (Simanim)
Rosh Hashana: Symbolic Foods (Simanim): HaMotzi
On Rosh Hashana , before eating the symbolic foods ( simanim) :...
Havdala: Beverage
Havdala Beverage: Standing or Sitting
Sitting or standing while drinking wine from havdala (or kiddush) is...
Hidur Mitzva/Mehadrin
Hidur Mitzva/Mehadrin
Almost all mitzvot may be enhanced by: Making them...
Nida/Taharat HaMishpacha
Four Most Common Nida Questions
  What Makes a Woman a Nida  ...
Returning Lost Objects (Hashavat Aveida)
Returning Lost Objects (Hashavat Aveida)
You are required to return a lost object ( hashavat aveida ) to its...
Blessings: Saying for Someone Else
Blessings: For Someone Else: Mitzva/Birchot Mitzva
You may say any blessing on a mitzva —such as kiddush, hallel,...
Jewish Festivals: Shacharit: Eating Before
Eating before Jewish Festival Midday
As on Shabbat , don’t fast on Jewish festivals (except Yom...
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Havdala: What To Use
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Havdala: How Much To Drink
To fulfill the commandment of havdala (or kiddush ), the person...
Jewish Festivals: Ending: Havdala: Standing or Sitting
Havdala Standing or Sitting
Sitting or standing while drinking havdala (or kiddush) beverage is...
Introduction to Jewish Festivals: Meals
Introduction to Jewish Festival "Eating a Meal" Requirements
We are required to eat two meals on Jewish festivals , each preceded...
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: Cup & Wine Bottles
Kos Pagum
Kos pagum means either: "Physically...
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: Cup & Wine Bottles
Uncovered Wine Bottles/Cups
You do not need to close the wine bottle or cover the other wine...
Jewish Festivals: Kiddush: Cup & Wine Bottles
Washing Wine Glass
There is no need to wash a clean wine glass before using it for...
Kadeish: Making Kiddush
Everyone Must Drink at Seder
At the Passover seder , all Jews above the age of bar mitzva or...
Kadeish: Four Cups, Four Roles
Four Cups, Four Roles
Each of the four cups has a different role: First Cup:...
Kadeish: Fifth Cup
Fifth Cup
The fifth cup of wine at seder , for Eliyahu (Elijah) the prophet,...
Kadeish: How Much To Fill and Drink
Majority of the Cup/Rov Kos
The seder is the only time in the year that you must drink most of...
Jewish Festivals: Second Meal
How To Fulfill Eating Jewish Festival Second Meal
You must eat a second meal on Jewish festival (or Shabbat ) day...
Sukka: Leaving: First Night
Sukka: Leaving: First Night: Rain, Cold, Bees
You may leave the sukka due to extreme cold or heat, rain, or bees....
Passover: Ending Day(s): SheHecheyanu
Passover: Ending Day(s): SheHecheyanu
Do not say she’hecheyanu when lighting candles or saying...
Introduction to Fast Days
Introduction to Fast Days
Introduction to Fast Days The purpose of Jewish fast days is to...
Shabbat: Kiddush: Requirements
To fulfill kiddush requirements of “establishing a meal,”...
Shabbat: Kiddush: How Much To Pour
If Not Enough Wine
If there is not enough wine or grape juice for Shabbat (or Jewish...
Shabbat: Kiddush: Cup & Wine Bottles
Shabbat: Kos Pagum
Do not use a kos pagum for kiddush . Kos pagum means either:...
Shabbat: Kiddush: Cup & Wine Bottles
Shabbat: Pouring Back Wine
You may pour excess wine from kiddush back into the bottle as long as...
Shabbat: Kiddush: Cup & Wine Bottles
Shabbat: Uncovered Wine Bottles/Cups
You do not need to close the wine bottle or cover the other wine cups...
Eating after Shabbat Shacharit
Eating before Shabbat Midday
Don’t fast on Shabbat (except Yom Kippur !) past halachic...
Shabbat: Dinner: Shalom Aleichem and Eishet Chayil
Shalom Aleichem and Eishet Chayil
A widespread (but not universal) custom before kiddush is to sing...
Shabbat: Dinner: Blessing the Children
Blessing the Children
A widespread custom is for parents to bless their children before...
Shabbat: Second Meal
How To Fulfill Eating Shabbat Second Meal
You must eat a second meal on Shabbat (or Jewish festival ) day...
Volume/Liquid
Volume/Liquid
1 Revi’it = Usually 3.3 fl. oz. (99 ml); but 4 fl. oz. (119 ml)...
Shabbat: Flying for Business
Flying through Shabbat for Business
If you fly through Shabbat (permitted for business only), you must...
Women: Time-Based Positive Commandments (Mitzvot): Obligations
Women: Time-Based Positive Commandments/Mitzvot: Obligations
In addition to prayer obligations (see Women: Minimal Prayer ), women...
Women: Time-Based Positive Commandments (Mitzvot): Obligations
Women: Time-Based Positive Mitzva Obligations
Although women and girls are generally exempt from time-dependent...

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