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Yom Kippur (yohm kee-poor) — Day of Atonement
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Yom Kippur: When To Start
Yom Kippur: Delaying Start Past Candle Lighting
Lighting the candles starts the holiday of Yom Kippur .  If you...
Yom Kippur: When To Start
Yom Kippur: Starting Fast
Yom Kippur fasting starts with candle lighting for women and at...
Yom Kippur: What To Wear
Yom Kippur: What To Wear: Kittel for Men
All married men should wear a kittel on Yom Kippur during all...
Yom Kippur: What To Wear
Yom Kippur: What To Wear: Leather Shoes
You may not wear leather shoes on Yom Kippur .
Yom Kippur: If You Must Eat
Yom Kippur: Birkat HaMazon If You Must Eat Bread
If you must eat a meal including at least 1.3 fl. oz. (39 ml, or 1/6...
Yom Kippur: If You Must Eat
Yom Kippur: No Kiddush If You Must Eat
If you must eat on Yom Kippur (for health reasons), do not make...
Yom Kippur: Washing
Yom Kippur: Washing To Remove Tum'a
On Yom Kippur (as on Tish’a b’Av ), if you must wash...
Yom Kippur: Prayers
Yom Kippur: Bowing for Musaf Alenu
For how to bow at Yom Kippur Musaf Alenu, see Waist-Bowing and...
Introduction to Yom Kippur
Introduction to Yom Kippur
Yom Kippur is the Day of Atonement. In ancient times, it was more...
Yom Kippur: Ending
Post-Yom Kippur Meal: Shir HaMa'alot
Shir ha’ma’alot should be said after eating a meal that...
Yom Kippur: Ending
Yom Kippur: Ending: Havdala
After Yom Kippur , say the full havdala. ...
Pre-Yom Kippur: Meal (Se'uda HaMafseket)
Challa Dipped in Honey for pre-Yom Kippur Meal (Se'uda HaMafseket)
Eating challa dipped in honey is a non-binding custom for the pre-...
Pre-Yom Kippur: Meal (Se'uda HaMafseket)
Meaning of pre-Yom Kippur Meal (Se'uda HaMafseket)
We eat a festive meal for the final meal before Yom Kippur to...
Pre-Yom Kippur: Meal (Se'uda HaMafseket)
Mezuman/Minyan at pre-Yom Kippur Meal (Se'uda HaMafseket)
A mezuman or minyan is permitted at the pre- Yom Kippur meal...
Pre-Yom Kippur: Meal (Se'uda HaMafseket)
Pre-Yom Kippur Meal: Shir HaMa'alot
Shir ha’ma’alot should be said before birkat...
Women: Yom Kippur
Women: When the Yom Kippur Fast Starts
For women and when the Yom Kippur fast starts, see Yom Kippur: When...
Pre-Yom Kippur: Yahrzeit Candle
Pre-Yom Kippur: Yahrzeit Candle
On Yom Kippur , it is a universal custom to light one candle if one...
Yom Kippur: Torah Reading
Yom Kippur: Torah Reading: Forbidden Relationships
On Yom Kippur , at mincha , we read in the Torah about forbidden...
Introduction to Holidays/Jewish Festivals
Introduction to Holidays/Jewish Festivals/Chagim/Yom Tov
Jewish Festivals are listed in the Torah and are of two types: ...
Introduction: Amida: Errors: Amida Additions
Introduction: Amida: Errors: Amida Additions
If you forgot to say, or incorrectly said, a phrase in the amida , you...
Jewish Festivals: Existing Flame
Jewish Festivals: Cooking from an Existing Flame
You may cook food on all Jewish festivals (except Yom Kippur or...
Year of Mourning: Marrying
Remarrying after a Wife Dies
If a wife dies, the husband must wait for three Jewish festival...
When Shiv'a (and Shloshim) Starts
When Shiv'a (and Shloshim) Starts: Jewish Festivals
For someone who dies during Rosh Hashana , Yom Kippur , or any of...
Rosh Hashana: Greetings
Greetings for the New Year
For greetings for the New Year, say: “Ketiva...
Avinu Malkeinu
When To Say Avinu Malkeinu
Say avinu malkeinu , even if you are praying by yourself, after...
Amida Errors: HaEl HaKadosh
Amida Errors: HaEl HaKadosh
What: Ha'el ha'kadosh Where: Amida 3 rd paragraph...
Introduction to Havdala
Introduction to Havdala
Havdala is said after Shabbat , Jewish festivals , Rosh Hashana...
Jewish Festivals: Yahrzeit Candle
Jewish Festivals: Yahrzeit Candle
Some people have the custom of lighting a yahrzeit candle for a...
Halachic Decisions (Psak): Mitigating Circumstances
Saving a Life (Pikuach Nefesh)
Human life is valued in Judaism, unlike in some other religions. The...
Tachanun
Shacharit: Tachanun: When Not To Say
Tachanun is related to judgment. Tachanun is NOT said at times of...
DAY
Beginning of Jewish Day
For all practical purposes, the Jewish day always starts at or near...
Havdala: Spices (Besamim)
Havdala Spices Only on Saturday Night
The only havdala for which we use spices and candle is Saturday night....
Ten Days of Repentance
Forgetting Amida Additions for Ten Days of Repentance
If you forget a change or addition to the amida during the 10 Days...
Talit Gadol: When To Wear
Talit Gadol: Amida
A talit is required only when saying the amida prayer, but the...
Talit Gadol: Blessing
Talit Gadol: What the Blessing Covers
Saying the blessing on a talit gadol, while intending to cover all...
Jewish Festivals: Insects
Jewish Festivals: Biting or Stinging Insects
If insects such as bees or non-diseased mosquitoes don’t carry...
Attire: Shoes
Leather or Synthetic Shoes in Halacha
In Jewish law, only leather shoes are considered to be...
SheHecheyanu: Jewish Festivals
SheHecheyanu at Candle-Lighting for Jewish Festivals
Say she’hecheyanu when lighting candles for: Both...
TEMPLE (Zeicher L'Churban)
Tearing (Kri'a) on Seeing Temple Ruins
You must tear four vertical inches at the neck of your shirt (and...
Jewish Festivals: Shacharit: Eating Before
Eating before Jewish Festival Midday
As on Shabbat , don’t fast on Jewish festivals (except Yom...
SIDDUR GUIDE: How To Pray in Synagogue
Introduction to How To Pray in Synagogue
The synagogue ( shul ) prayer service may confuse the unfamiliar....
Jewish Festivals: Candles: When To Light
Jewish Festivals: Candles: Lighting after Sunset
Men and women may light candles after sunset on Jewish festivals ,...
When Shiv'a (and Shloshim) Ends
Shiv'a and Shloshim: Ended by Jewish Festivals
Shiv’a ends if a Jewish festival , Rosh Hashana, or...
Jewish Festivals: What Time Is Mincha
Jewish Festivals: Earliest Mincha
The earliest permissible time to say mincha before a ...
Jewish Festival Day: Yizkor
Jewish Festival Day: Reason for Yizkor
Yizkor on Yom Kippur serves as a type of elevation...
Jewish Festival Day: Yizkor
Jewish Festival Day: When To Say Yizkor
Yizkor is not required to be said at all, but it is the custom in...
Introduction to Jewish Festivals: Medicines
Introduction to Jewish Festivals: Medicines
Jewish Festivals: Medicines: When To Take Medicine generally may not...
Amida: Actions: Hitting Your Chest
When To Hit Your Chest during Prayers
Hit your chest near your heart with your fist at: Chatanu...
Pre-Yom Kippur: Asking Forgiveness
Asking Forgiveness
If you know you have offended or otherwise injured someone, ask...
Pre-Yom Kippur: Kaparot
Kaparot
Kaparot with a chicken or money should be done before Yom Kippur,...
Introduction to Fast Days
Introduction to Fast Days
Introduction to Fast Days The purpose of Jewish fast days is to...
Pre-Yom Kippur: Meal (Se'uda HaMafseket)
Wishing Easy Fast
You may wish “an easy fast” for Yom Kippur since,...
Fast Days: When They Start
Fasts that Start 72 Minutes before Sunrise
All fasts start 72 minutes (normal time) before sunrise except for the...
Fast Days: Teeth Brushing
Fast Days: Brushing Teeth without Water
You may brush your teeth on Yom Kippur and all other fast days...
Fast Days: Teeth Brushing
Fast Days: Flossing on Fast Days
You may floss your teeth on Yom Kippur as long as your gums...
How To Pray: Actions: Bowing: Two Main Types
Waist-Bowing and Knee-Bowing
There are two main types of bowing during the prayer services: ...
How To Pray: Actions: Bowing: Women
Bowing: Women
Women are not required to bow to the floor on Rosh Hashana and Yom...
How To Pray: Actions: Bowing-Like Activities
When Kneeling Is Forbidden
Kneeling is only forbidden if it is for praying (except for prescribed...
Eating after Shabbat Shacharit
Eating before Shabbat Midday
Don’t fast on Shabbat (except Yom Kippur !) past halachic...
Shabbat: Carrying (Hotza'a) and Domains
Transferring Object from Domain to Domain
On Shabbat (or Yom Kippur) , you may not transfer an object between...
Handwashing for Tum'a: General Concepts
Minimum Amount of Hand Coverage
When washing to remove tum'a , the ideal is to pour water...
Women: Time-Based Positive Commandments (Mitzvot): Obligations
Women: Time-Based Positive Commandments/Mitzvot: Obligations
In addition to prayer obligations (see Women: Minimal Prayer ), women...
Tish’a B’Av
Tish'a B'Av: Hand Washing
On Tish’a B’Av , as on Yom Kippur , if you must wash...

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