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Torah (toh-rah) — lit., Teaching; the Jewish laws and ways of life, as well as the Jewish Bible and Talmud in which they are mentioned
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Commandments (Mitzvot)
Fence (Syag) around the Torah
Making a “fence” (“ syag ”) around the Torah...
BUSINESS OWNERSHIP
Stockholder in Business that Violates Torah Law
You may be a minority owner or shareholder in a business that violates...
BUSINESS OWNERSHIP
Owning Business that Violates Torah Law
Owning a business that has any violations of Torah laws is forbidden....
Shabbat: Torah at the Table
Shir HaMa'alot as Torah
Saying shir ha’ma’alot before birkat ha’mazon...
Shabbat: Torah at the Table
Torah at the Table
Saying some Torah at each meal- - anytime bread is eaten and at least...
Weakening Halachic Observance or Respect for Torah
Appearing To Not Uphold the Torah (Mar'it Ayin)
You may not do any action that may cause religious Jews to do something...
Weakening Halachic Observance or Respect for Torah
Lowering People's Respect for the Torah (Chilul Hashem)
You may not do any action that causes other people to lessen their...
Shiv'a: Torah Study
Torah Study during Shiv'a
A mourner during shiv’a may not study Torah, other than:...
Attire: Blessings/Torah/Prayer
Attire: Blessings and Torah Study
The minimum attire required for saying blessings or...
Shmini Atzeret
Introduction to Shmini Atzeret/Simchat Torah
Timing In Eretz Yisrael , Shmini Atzeret and Simchat...
Blessings: Doubt (Safek) Whether You Said
If Doubt Whether You Said Blessings on Torah Study
If you are not certain that you have said any of the morning blessings...
PETS
Pet Food If Forbidden by Torah
You may not feed your pet anything that Torah law says you may not...
TORAH STUDY
Introduction to Torah Study
Studying Torah is a basic requirement for all Jews and such study is...
TORAH STUDY
Reading Weekly Torah Portion
Read the weekly Torah portion ( parasha) twice each week and Targum...
TORAH STUDY
Studying Torah
All Jews must study Torah “ lishma ” (studying for the...
TORAH STUDY
Torah at Meals
Some Torah should be discussed at every meal.
Tefilin: Mitzva
Tefilin: Torah Mitzva
Have in mind that you are doing a mitzva  of the Torah while...
Torah Scroll: Touching
Torah Scroll: Touching
Don’t directly touch the parchment of a Torah scroll with your...
Torah Scroll: Standing
Torah Scroll: Standing
Stand when a Torah is being moved. Note When the ark is open,...
Torah Scroll: Lifting
To Lift Up the Torah
To lift up the Torah: Grip the handles close to the plate...
Torah Scroll (Sefer Torah): Writing
Torah Scroll (Sefer Torah): Priority for Writing
Writing a Torah scroll ( sefer Torah ) is a mitzva but is not a...
Torah Reading: Saying Torah Blessings
How Loud To Say Torah Blessings
Say the blessings over the Torah loudly enough for everyone to hear...
Torah Reading: Saying Torah Blessings
When Saying Torah Blessing
When called to the Torah , either: Say the blessing while...
Torah Reading: What To Do While on Bima
Torah Reading: What To Do While on Bima
The oleh (person who gets the aliya ) should lightly hold on to the...
Pre-Prayer: Attire
Man's Head Covering for Prayers or Torah Study
See Attire: Man’s Head Covering for Prayers or Torah Study .
Who Is a Torah Scholar
Who Is a Torah Scholar
Who is a Torah scholar?  It depends on location and era....
Main Torah Teacher (Rav Muvhak)
Who Is Main Torah Teacher (Rav Muvhak)
It is theoretically possible--but highly unlikely--to have one main...
Torah Scholar Honoring Other Torah Scholars
Torah Scholar Honoring Other Torah Scholars
A Torah scholar should stand up for another Torah scholar who is...
Women: Torah Scroll
Women Dancing with Torah Scroll
Women should not dance with a Torah scroll.  
Women: Torah Scroll
Women Reading from Torah Scroll
Women may read from the Torah scroll when no men are around. They may...
Women: What To Study
Minimum Torah Study for Women
For women and minimum requirements for Torah study, see Introduction...
Women: What To Study
Women: Blessings over Torah
Women are required to say the blessings over the Torah ( birchot...
Women: What To Study
Women: Torah or Tehillim
 If a woman can either study Torah or say Tehilim (Psalms;...
Yom Kippur: Torah Reading
Yom Kippur: Torah Reading: Forbidden Relationships
On Yom Kippur , at mincha , we read in the Torah about forbidden...
Attire: Blessings/Torah/Prayer
Attire: Man's Head Covering for Prayers or Torah Study
Wearing a hat for prayer (for men) is formal wear that shows honor to...
Shmini Atzeret
Shmini Atzeret/Simchat Torah: What Time To Start: Ma'ariv and Kiddush
Ma’ariv on Shmini Atzeret and on Simchat Torah may be...
Birkat HaMazon: Source
Birkat HaMazon: Torah Source
The source of birkat ha’mazon is Deuteronomy/ Devarim...
TORAH STUDY
Torah, Prayers, and Bad Smell
Do not say blessings or prayers or study holy subjects ( limudei kodesh...
Attire: Men: When To Cover Head
Attire: Man's Head Covering Indoors
It is customary for men to wear a head covering always, even...
Introduction to Business/Property
Business Ethics
The Torah requires ethical behavior in business, as it does in all...
Introduction to Shabbat
Goal of Creation
Shabbat was the goal of Creation. Just as God completed the...
Introduction to Agriculture
Introduction to Agriculture
All of the Jewish festival holidays had an agricultural element to them....
Introduction to Holidays/Jewish Festivals
Introduction to Holidays/Jewish Festivals/Chagim/Yom Tov
Jewish Festivals are listed in the Torah and are of two types: ...
Introduction to Morning Prayers/Shacharit (Weekday): Order of Prayers
Introduction to Morning Prayers/Shacharit (Weekday): Order of Prayers
Here is a typical order of waking/morning prayers for weekdays (many...
Introduction to Mourning
Introduction to Mourning
Who Is a Mourner A mourner is defined in halacha as someone...
Introduction to Shabbat: Meals
Introduction to Shabbat: Meals
Three Shabbat Meals We are required to eat three Shabbat meals, as...
Introduction to Shavuot
Introduction to Shavuot
Shavuot ( Yom HaBikurim in the Torah) celebrates and commemorates...
Introduction to Sukkot
Introduction to Sukkot
Sukkot means “huts.” The Jewish festival of Sukkot...
Introduction to What Is Halacha
Introduction to What Is Halacha
“ Be holy because I, the Lord your God, am holy.”...
Seder: Principles
Seder: Purpose
It is praiseworthy to tell the story of Passover even if you know all...
Using God's Name in Vain: Speaking
Blessings and Using God's Name in Vain
You may not use God’s name unless there is a positive purpose....
Chanuka: Background
Chanuka: Why Asher Kidshanu
Chazal have the authority to make laws, so we say “Who...
Pronunciation
HaMagbi-ah
The person who lifts up the Torah after it is read is called...
Pronunciation
Hodo
When returning the Torah to the ark in the synagogue , the word is...
Preparation for Doing Mitzvot
Intention/Kavana
Mitzvot  that are from the  Torah  ( tzitzit , ...
Tum'a: Bathroom
Music in the Bathroom
You should not listen to Jewish music containing lines from the Torah...
Tum'a: Bathroom
Reading Material in the Bathroom
You may not take a Jewish publication into the bathroom if it contains...
Shabbat: Animal Care
Shabbat: Feeding Animals before Yourself
If you do own an animal, you must generally feed it before you are...
Tzitzit: When To Check
Tzitzit Checking: Shabbat and Jewish Festivals
Do not check tzitzit on Shabbat or Jewish festivals . Reason...
Pronunciation
Yissaschar/Yissachar
When reading the Torah , do not pronounce the name Yissachar as it is...
Halachic Decisions (Psak): Doubt (Safek)
Halachic Stringencies in Doubt
We are stringent in applying laws if we are uncertain about Torah...
After-Blessings (Bracha Achrona): Minimum Measurements
Introduction to After-Blessings (Bracha Achrona): Minimum Measurements
To say any after-blessing/ bracha achrona ( al ha’michya , al...
Tum'a: Books
Tum'a: Washing Hands and Books
You do not need to wash your hands before reading a book of...
Halachic Decisions (Psak): Mitigating Circumstances
Human Dignity (Kavod HaBriot)
Although human dignity ( kavod ha’briot ) cannot override Torah...
Derogatory Speech (Lashon HaRa)
Introduction to Lashon HaRa
Lashon ha’ra is saying (or communicating in any way--even...
Passover: Burning Chametz
Passover: Burning Chametz: What To Do with Chametz
If you own any chametz, you must burn some of it in order to...
Halachic Decisions (Psak): Mitigating Circumstances
Shalom Bayit or Honoring One's Parents (Kibud Av Va'Eim)
The only type of laws that may sometimes be overridden to help with...
Rosh Hashana: Shofar
Woman Blowing Shofar
A woman who knows how, may blow the shofar for herself and for other...
Women: Minimum to Pray
Women: Minimum to Pray
The minimum amount of prayer that women and girls 12 years old and up...
When To Pray: Shacharit: L'Olam Yihei Adam
Shacharit: Might Return To Sleep and Miss Latest Time To Say Shema
SITUATION You wake up after daybreak, but you might go back to...
Attire: Men: Head Covering: Prayer
Wearing Hat for Prayer
For details on men’s wearing a head covering for prayer, see...
Birkat HaChodesh
Announcing the New Month
Each month (except before Rosh Hashana ), we say the blessing over...
Competition
Creating Competing Business
Generally, you may not go into  a business if an existing...
Tachanun
Shacharit: Tachanun: When Not To Say
Tachanun is related to judgment. Tachanun is NOT said at times of...
Magid: Tell the Story
Calculating the End (of Slavery)
God told Avraham (Abraham) that his children would be living in...
Magid: Tell the Story
Dayenu
In dayenu , we say that at each level of what God did for us, it would...
Magid: Tell the Story
Four Sons
Only three of the Four Sons’ questions are mentioned in the Torah...
Hidur Mitzva/Mehadrin
Hidur Mitzva/Mehadrin
Almost all mitzvot may be enhanced by: Making them...
Shabbat: Selecting/Boreir
Introduction to Shabbat and Selecting/Boreir
Selecting Good from Bad and Bad from Good Boreir Principle #1 : You...
Magid: Tell the Story
Why Matza and Not Bread
Question: Why didn't the Israelites bake bread (the Torah says...
Inheritance
Timing of Giving
Property may be given away in any manner and amounts desired during a...
Nida/Taharat HaMishpacha
Four Most Common Nida Questions
  What Makes a Woman a Nida  ...
Tum'a: Shoes
Tum'a: Leather Shoes and Washing
After touching leather shoes, you must wash your hands using the...
Returning Lost Objects (Hashavat Aveida)
Returning Lost Objects (Hashavat Aveida)
You are required to return a lost object ( hashavat aveida ) to its...
Procedure for Separating Terumot and Ma'asrot
Procedure for Separating Terumot and Ma'asrot
(from http://www.star-k.org/kashrus/kk-medi-terumos.htm , used with...
Wasting People's Time (Tircha Tzibur)
Wasting People's Time (Tircha d'tzibura)
You may not waste people’s time or upset them ( tircha...
Widows, Orphans, Poor
Oppressing Widows, Orphans, Poor
There is a special Torah prohibition against antagonizing widows,...
Blessings: Categories
Three Main Categories of Blessings
There are three main categories of blessings: Enjoyment (...
Talit Gadol: When To Wear
Talit Gadol: Mincha
When wearing a talit at mincha Torah reading--such as for an...
LAND OF ISRAEL (Eretz Yisrael)
Leaving Eretz Yisrael
If you live permanently in Eretz Yisrael , you may leave permanently...
Introduction to Yashan
Where Yashan Applies
Yashan applies to grain grown anywhere in the world. Note...
MARI'T AYIN
Mari't Ayin General Rules
See Appearing To Not Uphold the Torah (Mar'it Ayin) .
Attire: Women's/Men's (Begged Ish)
Attire: Woman Wearing Talit for Warmth
          A woman should...
MEKUBAL
Whom To Ask for Advice
You may ask a mekubal (someone well-versed in the spiritual world) or...
Introduction to Charity/Tzedaka
Introduction to Charity/Tzedaka
The Torah requires everyone to give charity ( tzedaka ), and even...
Blessings: Doubt (Safek) Whether You Said
If Doubt Whether You Said a Blessing (except for Birkat HaMazon)
If you are not sure if you said ANY blessing in ANY category,...
PETS
Reason To Not Own Pets
You may own pets but it is not customary unless they are needed for...
PETS
When You May Eat Before Your Pet Eats
You must be very careful to feed your animals every day before you eat...
Blessings: Saying for Someone Else
Blessings: For Someone Else: Mitzva/Birchot Mitzva
You may say any blessing on a mitzva —such as kiddush, hallel,...
Blessings: How Many To Say
100 Blessings on Shabbat and Jewish Festivals
On Shabbat and some Jewish festivals , you might want to fulfill...
REMEMBERING AMALEIK
Remembering Amaleik
All Jews, both men and women, must fulfill the commandment to remember...
Introduction to Holy Written Objects
Introduction to Holy Written Objects
By surrounding ourselves with reminders of the commandments and with...
TORAH STUDY
Siyum
A siyum can be held anytime a book of Torah or Talmud or any other...
Charity/Tzedaka: Maximum Donation
No Charity Limit for Jewish Education
There is no limit to how much “charity” you may give to...
Sofer
Sofer: Woman
A woman may not be a sofer. Even though women are obligated in the...
Introduction to Kosher/Kashrut
Introduction to Kosher/Kashrut
The human soul can achieve its goals when the body’s physical...
Tahara
Psukim
Certain lines from the Torah ( psukim) are said during the...
What Is Kosher?
What Is Kosher?
By Sara-Malka (Diane) Laderman Kosher (Hebrew for...
SIDDUR GUIDE: How To Pray in Synagogue
Introduction to How To Pray in Synagogue
The synagogue ( shul ) prayer service may confuse the unfamiliar....
Introduction to Tahara/Tum'a
Introduction to Tahara/Tum'a
The Torah commands us to be kedoshim (holy, or set apart), requiring...
Introduction to Jewish Festivals: Meals
Introduction to Jewish Festival "Eating a Meal" Requirements
We are required to eat two meals on Jewish festivals , each preceded...
Jewish Festivals: Evening Kiddush
Jewish Festivals: Evening Kiddush
To fulfill the two requirements for Jewish festival evening kiddush...
Women: Attire
Women's Dress Code
For women’s dress code, see individual listings under ATTIRE:...
Sheimot: What Are Sheimot
Sheimot: Definition
Sheimot/sheimos are written items with: God’s name in...
Sheimot: What Are Sheimot
Sheimot: Illegible
If a normal person is not able to read your handwriting, then even if...
Holy Books: Definition
Holy Books: Definition
A Jewish holy book is any book that contains: God’s...
Introduction to Mezuza
Introduction to Mezuza
A mezuza (pl., mezuzot ) is a small, sofer -inscribed parchment...
When To Pause or Join Minyan
When To Pause or Join Minyan: General Prayer Services
Here is when to pause or join the minyan during general prayer...
Chol HaMoed: Expert Work
Chol HaMoed: No Expert Work
You may not do “expert” or “professional” work...
Amida: Location: Where To Face
When To Face Jerusalem
Face toward Jerusalem when saying the amida . Note You may not...
Introduction to Passover
Introduction to Passover
Introduction to Passover:...
Torah Reading: Offering/Declining Aliya
Consecutive Aliyot for Family Members
Consecutive aliyot (going up to the Torah during Torah reading)...
Torah Reading: The Bima
Returning to your Seat after Aliya
When you go back to your seat after an aliya to the Torah , take the...
Torah Reading: The Bima
Shortest Route to Bima
When you go up to the Torah , take the shortest route to the bima ....
Torah Reading: The Bima
Stand on Bima after Aliya
After getting an aliya to the Torah , stand on the bima until the...
Torah Reading: Aliya Donation
Donation after Aliya
If you receive an aliya to the Torah on Shabbat and Jewish...
Shabbat: How To Reheat
Shabbat: How To Reheat
How To Reheat on Hotplate or Blech: Before Shabbat Begins...
Lulav: Beauty
Lulav: If First Day of Sukkot Is Shabbat
You do not need to buy a fancy or expensive lulav and etrog if the...
Introduction to Yom Kippur
Introduction to Yom Kippur
Yom Kippur is the Day of Atonement. In ancient times, it was more...
Fast Days: Prayers
VaYechal
If at least six of the men in a mincha minyan on a fast day are...
Sheimot: How To Dispose of
Sheimot: Disposal
These holy writings ( tashmishei kedusha ) may not be thrown directly...
Holy Books: Stacking Order
Holy Books: Carrying Order
When carrying holy books, you may put a Torah or Talmud below other...
Holy Books: Stacking Order
Holy Books: Stacking Order
When piling up several holy books, put them in this order (top to...
Tefilin: Chol HaMoed
Tefilin: Chol HaMoed: Remove before Hallel
Remove tefilin before hallel on chol ha’moed....
Introduction to Food Nullification: Foods
Introduction to Food Nullification: Foods
Categories of Batel /Nullification Categories of nullification of...
Introduction to Food Nullification: Utensils (Kashering)
Introduction to Food Nullification: Utensils (Kashering)
Food Nullification in Utensils: Torah-Law and Rabbinic Decree By...
Honoring Parents: Adoptive
Adoptive Parents: Acknowledging the Good
Adoptive parents must be treated well by the adopted child,...
Introduction to Taste (Ta'am) Transfer
Introduction to Taste (Ta'am) Transfer
Gender/Kashrut Status Transfer Foods and kitchenware (pots, pans,...
Introduction to Kashrut: Plants: Bugs
Why Bugs May Not Be Eaten
Bugs are not kosher and may not be eaten for two main reasons:...
How To Pray: Actions: Bowing: Two Main Types
Waist-Bowing and Knee-Bowing
There are two main types of bowing during the prayer services: ...
With Whom To Pray: Which Prayers Require a Quorum (Minyan)
Prayers that Require a Minyan
Although it is preferable to join a minyan whenever possible, prayer...
Where To Pray: Distracting Attire
Husband's Prayer near Wife
A husband may say shema and the amida (and study Torah ) in his...
Shabbat: IDL and Region of Safek/Doubt
Introduction to Shabbat, IDL, and Region of Safek/Doubt
The International Dateline (IDL), which is 180 degrees away from...
Shabbat: Lunch: How To Do Kiddush
How To Do Shabbat Daytime Kiddush
There are two requirements for  Shabbat  daytime...
Jewish Education: Gil Chinuch
Who Determines Gil Chinuch
Whoever is teaching is permitted to judge what the child might...
Introduction to Shabbat: Cooking
Introduction to Shabbat: Cooking
Bishul B'Shabbat/Cooking on Shabbat The Torah forbids...

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