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Shema () — Hear; title word of prayer proclaiming G-d’s unity; consists of the verse “Shema Yisrael Adonai Eloheinu Adonai Echad” plus three paragraphs from the Five Books of Moses
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Shema: Mental Preparation
Shema: Mental Preparation
When saying the shema , focus on the idea that God is:...
Shema: What To Wear
What To Wear for Shema in Shacharit
Men should wear a talit katan (for married men, also wear...
Shema: What To Say
Amen before Shema
Some say the pre- shema blessing in shacharit or ma’ariv with...
Shema: What To Say
Baruch Hu before Shema
Don't say baruch hu u’varuch shemo in response to a prayer...
Shema: What To Say
Men and Shema in Shacharit
Men must say shema in shacharit and the blessings before and after....
Shema: What To Say
Starting Shema before Prayer Leader Says
If you are late to shacharit or ma’ariv minyan and start the...
Shema: What To Say
Women and Shema in Shacharit
Women are not required to say the full shema or the blessings before...
Shema: How To Say
"Stretching Out" Echad in Shema
Stretch out the first line of the shema by pausing after saying...
Shema: How To Say
Covering Eyes for First Line of Shema
Cover your eyes with either hand when saying the first line of shema ....
Shema: How To Say
Kissing Tzitziyot in Shema
Kiss all four tzitziyot in a talit gadol when saying the shema ....
Talit Katan: Blessings
Talit Katan: Blessings: Shema if You Wake Up Early
Situation You wake up early and want to say shema (in case you...
When To Pray: Shacharit: L'Olam Yihei Adam
Shacharit: Might Return To Sleep and Miss Latest Time To Say Shema
SITUATION You wake up after daybreak, but you might go back to...
Tzitzit: Kissing
Tzitzit: Kissing: Morning Shema
When saying morning shema , kiss the tzitzit when saying the words:...
Tzitzit: Kissing
Tzitzit: Kissing: Night Shema
Don't kiss tzitzit when saying the shema at night.
Tzitzit: Holding
Tzitzit: Holding: Morning Shema
Holding all four tzitziyot when saying the shema in the morning is...
Shacharit: Shema: When To Say Shema
Earliest Time for Shema (and Amida)
Earliest time to say shema and amida is 72 minutes before sunrise,...
Shacharit: Shema: When To Say Shema
Late Shema: L'Olam Yehei Adam by Third Hour
Situation You will not have time to say the morning shema by the...
Shacharit: Shema: When To Say Shema
Latest time To Say Shema
Shema may be said anytime during the day.  But to fulfill the...
Shacharit: Shema: When To Say Shema
Saying Shema after Proper Time
Even if you have not said the morning shema by the latest proper time...
Shacharit: Shema: When To Say Shema Blessings
Shacharit: Shema: El Melech Ne'eman
Situation You are not with a minyan . You begin saying...
Shacharit: Shema: When To Say Shema Blessings
When To Say Shema Blessings
Neither men nor women may say the blessings that precede and follow the...
HaMapil
HaMapil and Shema: Halacha, Not Custom
Saying “ ha’mapil ” and shema before going to sleep...
Introduction to Morning Prayers/Shacharit (Weekday): Order of Prayers
Introduction to Morning Prayers/Shacharit (Weekday): Order of Prayers
Here is a typical order of waking/morning prayers for weekdays (many...
When to Pray: Traveler's Questions
When To Pray: Traveler's Questions: Crossing from Day-Night or Night-Day
Always say the prayer service based on the day and time where...
When To Pray: Shacharit: What Time To Begin
Introduction: Shacharit: When To Begin
B’di’avad , you can say shema and amida as early as 72...
When To Pray: Shacharit: What Time To Finish
When To Pray: Shacharit: What Time To Finish
You must say the shema no later than the end of the third...
When To Pray: Ma'ariv
When To Say Ma'ariv
Ma’ariv may be said from sunset (or even from plag...
Women: Minimum to Pray
Women: Minimum to Pray
The minimum amount of prayer that women and girls 12 years old and up...
Amida Errors: Tein Bracha/Tein Tal U'Matar L'vracha
Amida Errors: Tein Bracha/Tein Tal U'Matar L'Vracha
Outside of Eretz Yisrael , begin saying Tein tal u'matar...
When To Pray: Shacharit: L'Olam Yihei Adam
When To Say Mekadeish et Shimcha BaRabim
You may only include God’s name in Baruch ata Adonai ,...
When To Pray: Shacharit: Shemoneh Esrei/Amida
When To Say Morning Amida
Say the morning amida by the first third of the day (by the 4 th...
What To Pray: Set Prayers: Amida: Ambiguities
Tein Bracha If in Eretz Yisrael Cheshvan 7/Dec. 4
If you are in Eretz Yisrael between Cheshvan 7 (when people in...
Blessings: Doubt (Safek) Whether You Said
If Doubt Whether You Said Blessings on Torah Study
If you are not certain that you have said any of the morning blessings...
Being an Onen
Onen Restrictions
An onen is prohibited from doing positive mitzvot so as not to be...
SIDDUR GUIDE: How To Pray in Synagogue
Introduction to How To Pray in Synagogue
The synagogue ( shul ) prayer service may confuse the unfamiliar....
Introduction to Mezuza
Introduction to Mezuza
A mezuza (pl., mezuzot ) is a small, sofer -inscribed parchment...
Tefilin: When To Touch
Tefilin: When To Touch: Shacharit
When praying on weekday mornings, touch and “kiss” the...
Finishing Amida before Kedusha
Finishing Amida before Leader Says Kedusha
If you arrive late for any minyan (except ma'ariv ) that is about...
When To Pause or Join Minyan
When To Pause or Join Minyan: Ma'ariv
If the ma’ariv minyan says shema , you must join them for the...
When To Pause or Join Minyan
When To Pause or Join Minyan: Regular Shacharit
Shema When the minyan reaches the shema in shacharit:...
Passover Night(s): Ma'ariv
HaMapil on Passover
On the first two nights of Passover , before going to sleep, just say...
Introduction to Yom Kippur
Introduction to Yom Kippur
Yom Kippur is the Day of Atonement. In ancient times, it was more...
Baby Care or Prayer
When You May Nurse a Baby while Praying
If a baby is clean, a woman may nurse a baby while reading Psalms ,...
With Whom To Pray: Which Prayers Require a Quorum (Minyan)
Prayers that Require a Minyan
Although it is preferable to join a minyan whenever possible, prayer...
Where To Pray: Distracting Attire
Husband's Prayer near Wife
A husband may say shema and the amida (and study Torah ) in his...
Where To Pray: Distracting Smell
Prayer near Animal
You may say blessings, the shema , and even the amida if you are near...
What To Pray: Personal Requests: Amida
Where To Add Personal Requests in Amida
You may add personal requests to the amida on weekdays (not Shabbat...
Jewish Education: Gil Chinuch
Who Determines Gil Chinuch
Whoever is teaching is permitted to judge what the child might...
Women: Time-Based Positive Commandments (Mitzvot): Exemptions
Women: Exemption from Time-Dependent Positive Commandments
Women and girls are generally exempt from time-dependent positive...
Women: Time-Based Positive Commandments (Mitzvot): Obligations
Women: Time-Based Positive Mitzva Obligations
Although women and girls are generally exempt from time-dependent...

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